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BACKGROUND Since the first recorded epidemic of syphilis in 1495, controversy has surrounded the origins of the bacterium Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum and its relationship to the pathogens responsible for the other treponemal diseases: yaws, endemic syphilis, and pinta. Some researchers have argued that the syphilis-causing bacterium, or its(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Epidemiologic studies on syphilis have been hampered by the fact that strains of Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum (T. pallidum), the causative agent of this disease, cannot be differentiated by either protein-based or deoxyribonucleic acid-based methods. Syphilis is endemic in many developing countries and is common in some(More)
We examined the sensitivity of Treponema pallidum (Nichols strain) to toxic products of oxygen reduction. T pallidum was sensitive to hydrogen peroxide at concentrations similar to those to which obligate anaerobes are sensitive. Accelerated death of T pallidum occurred at hydrogen peroxide concentrations below 50 mumol/l. Agents protective against hydrogen(More)
The effect of hydrogen peroxide on Treponema pallidum was investigated. The in vitro loss of virulence (as measured by rabbit inoculation) of T. pallidum was accelerated by as low as 100 microM hydrogen peroxide in the complex maintenance medium used. Higher doses led to rapidly accelerated death with 500 microM hydrogen peroxide causing sterilization of(More)
A zymographic assay for the determination of hyaluronidase activity in cell-free extracts on native polyacrylamide gels has been developed. In this assay an agarose replica of the polyacrylamide gel which contains hyaluronic acid and bovine serum albumin (BSA) was used. After an incubation at 37 degrees C to allow transfer and development of enzymatic(More)
A sensitive and specific PCR method to detect Treponema pallidum in clinical specimens was developed. PCR primers were designed based on two unique features of the DNA polymerase I gene (polA). The first distinctive characteristic is that the region codes for a high cysteine content and has low homology with similar regions of DNA polymerase I gene from(More)
The hyaluronate lyase (hyaluronidase) gene from Propionibacterium acnes was cloned and sequenced. The gene was isolated on an EcoRI-generated 3-kb piece of DNA. Expression was less in Escherichia coli than in P. acnes; in E. coli, active enzyme was only cell associated and not secreted. The gene is 2256-pb long and codes for a protein of 82 kDa. Amino(More)
We report a case of yaws in a patient with puritic cutaneous eruption who was initially suspected of infection with monkeypox. The diagnosis was established by real-time PCR and sequencing of specific treponemal DNA sequences. This is the first report describing the use of DNA sequencing to identify Treponema pallidum subsp. pertenue-specific sequences in a(More)
The role of complement in humoral-mediated resistance to frambesial infection (yaws) needs to be defined. The level of serum C3 was reduced shortly after infection of hamsters with Treponema pallidum subspecies pertenue. Five weeks after frambesial infection, the serum C3 level began to increase and by week 7 no difference was detected between infected and(More)
Passive transfer of frambesial immune serum is capable of conferring complete protection on hamsters against challenge with Treponema pallidum ssp. pertenue. Treponemicidal activity in the pooled immune serum is relatively high. Immune serum and its immunoglobulin fractions, especially IgG2, also killed T. pallidum ssp. pertenue in vitro. Treponemicidal(More)