Bret J. Musser

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Cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) inverse agonists are emerging as a potential obesity therapy. However, the physiological mechanisms by which these agents modulate human energy balance are incompletely elucidated. Here, we describe a comprehensive clinical research study of taranabant, a structurally novel acyclic CB1R inverse agonist. Positron emission(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a potent orexigenic neuropeptide, and antagonism of NPY Y1 and NPY Y5 receptors (NPYxR) is considered a potentially important anti-obesity drug target. We tested the hypothesis that blockade of the NPY5R will lead to weight loss in humans using MK-0557, a potent, highly selective, orally active NPY5R antagonist. The initial series of(More)
BACKGROUND Dropouts and missing data are nearly-ubiquitous in obesity randomized controlled trails, threatening validity and generalizability of conclusions. Herein, we meta-analytically evaluate the extent of missing data, the frequency with which various analytic methods are employed to accommodate dropouts, and the performance of multiple statistical(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of sitagliptin when added to insulin therapy alone or in combination with metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS After a 2 week placebo run-in period, eligible patients inadequately controlled on long-acting, intermediate-acting or premixed insulin (HbA1c > or = 7.5% and < or = 11%), were(More)
The single- and multiple-dose pharmacokinetics of etoricoxib, a selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2, were examined in two clinical studies. Single-dose pharmacokinetics--including dose proportionality, absolute bioavailability of the highest dose-strength (120-mg) tablet, and the effect of a high-fat meal on the bioavailability of that tablet--were(More)
BACKGROUND In a previous pooled analysis of 12 double-blind clinical studies that included data on 6,139 patients with type 2 diabetes, treatment with sitagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor, was shown to be generally well tolerated compared with treatment with control agents. As clinical development of sitagliptin continues, additional(More)
CONTEXT The gastrointestinal peptide hormone, peptide YY(3-36) (PYY(3-36)), is implicated to be a postprandial satiety factor. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to assess the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of intranasal PYY(3-36) to induce weight loss in obese patients. DESIGN The study was designed as a randomized, 2-wk, single-blind placebo(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether MK-0557, a highly selective, orally administered neuropeptide Y Y5 receptor antagonist, could limit weight regain after very-low-calorie diet (VLCD)-induced weight loss. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES We enrolled 502 patients 18 to 65 years of age with a BMI of 30 to 43 kg/m2. Patients were placed on a VLCD (800 kcal/d(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the incidence of hypoglycaemia during Ramadan in Muslim subjects with type 2 diabetes treated with a sulphonylurea. METHODS In an observational study, eligible subjects were Muslims with type 2 diabetes (age ≥18 years) who were treated with glimepiride, gliclazide, or glibenclamide with or without metformin and who expressed their(More)
This study, conducted under the Metabolic Disorders Steering Committee of the Biomarkers Consortium (a public-private partnership managed by the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH)), analyzed blinded data on 2,688 type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients from randomized clinical trials conducted by four pharmaceutical companies. An increase in the(More)