Brent R. Weil

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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a promising therapy for acute organ ischemia in part due to their paracrine production of growth factors. However, transplanted cells encounter an inflammatory environment that mitigates their function and survival, and treating the cells with exogenous agents during ex vivo expansion before transplantation is one strategy(More)
Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a potent source of growth factors, which are partly responsible for their beneficial paracrine effects. We reported previously that transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha), a putative mediator of wound healing and the injury response, increases the release of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF),(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess immunomodulatory properties and may curtail the inflammatory response that characterizes sepsis and other systemic inflammatory states. We aimed to determine whether intravenous infusion of MSCs is associated with reduced inflammation and improved myocardial function in a rat model of endotoxemia. Adult Sprague-Dawley(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the characteristics of stem cells that may qualify them to be useful as therapeutic agents in sepsis. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Sepsis is a devastating syndrome and is the leading cause of death among critically ill surgical patients in the United States. Despite decades of research and numerous clinical trials, little progress has been(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) improve myocardial recovery after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. These effects are mediated in part by the paracrine secretion of angiogenic and tissue growth-promoting factors. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is expressed by MSC and induces apoptosis and inhibits proliferation in neuronal(More)
BACKGROUND Endotoxemia is associated with depressed cardiac function during sepsis. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess an ability to modulate the inflammatory response during sepsis, but it is unknown whether MSCs possess the ability to reduce endotoxemia-induced myocardial injury and dysfunction. METHODS Endotoxemia was induced in rats via injection(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac surgery induces the release of inflammatory mediators that can prolong cardiac dysfunction after operative intervention. Interleukin-10 (IL-10), a potent inhibitor of myocardial inflammation, is a known factor in myocardial protection after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. We hypothesized that IL-10 activity during initial reperfusion(More)
Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), a key component of the innate immune system, is linked to inflammation and myocardial dysfunction after ischemia-reperfusion injury (I/R). Treatment of the heart with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is known to improve myocardial recovery after I/R in part by paracrine factors such as VEGF. However, it is unknown whether TLR2(More)
Children with hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) frequently develop acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring renal replacement therapy (RRT). Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is commonly used. Despite high rates of thrombocytopenia, there is concern that platelet transfusions may worsen HUS by exacerbating microthrombi formation. We evaluated bleeding risk for PD catheter(More)
Optimizing the function and proliferative capacity of stem cells is essential to maximize their therapeutic benefits. High glucose concentrations are known to have detrimental effects on many cell types. We hypothesized that human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) cultured in high glucose-containing media would exhibit diminished proliferation and attenuated(More)