Learn More
The Y chromosome, which in man determines the male sex, is composed of two functionally distinct regions. The pseudoautosomal region is shared between the X and Y chromosome and is probably required for the correct segregation of the sex chromosomes during male meiosis. The second region includes the sex-determining gene(s), the presence of which is(More)
  • M S Palmer, P Berta, A H Sinclair, B Pym, P N Goodfellow
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 1990
ZFY is a candidate for the primary sex-determining gene (TDF, testis-determining factor) on the human Y chromosome. We have isolated cDNA clones of ZFY and its homologue on the X chromosome, ZFX. The transcripts of these genes are very similar to each other and encode predicted proteins of equal size. The conceptual amino acid sequence of both proteins(More)
Recently, it was shown that the cell surface antigen defined by the monoclonal antibody 12E7 is expressed by both the human X and Y chromosomes; the gene loci on the X and Y chromosomes are referred to as MIC2X and MIC2Y, respectively. It was also shown that MIC2X is located in the region Xp22.3----Xpter and MIC2Y is in the region Ypter-Yq1.1. Here, we show(More)
We have identified and characterized a Hpa II tiny fragment (HTF) island associated with the promoter region of the pseudoautosomal gene MIC2. The MIC2 HTF island is unmethylated on both the active and inactive X chromosome and is similarly unmethylated on the Y chromosome. Unlike the majority of genes borne on the X chromosome, MIC2 fails to undergo X(More)
The MIC2 locus is located in the pseudoautosomal (pairing) region of human X and Y chromosomes (Goodfellow et al., Science 234, 740-743, 1986). Despite extensive molecular analysis of MIC2 (see Darling et al., Cold Spring Harb. Symp. quant. Biol. 51, 205-211, 1986), study of the gene product has been limited (Banting et al., EMBO J. 41, 1967-1972, 1985).(More)
MIC2 and XGR are the only known pseudoautosomal genes in man. MIC2 encodes the 12E7 antigen, a human cell-surface molecule of unknown function. XGR regulates, in cis, the expression of the XG and MIC2 genes. DNA probes derived from the MIC2 locus have been used in the construction of a meiotic map of the pseudoautosomal region and a long range restriction(More)
An antigen expressed by most human cells, but not erythrocytes, has been defined by a murine monoclonal antibody, TRA-2-10. This antigen is expressed on the surface of human-mouse somatic cell hybrids, and segregation analysis indicates that it is controlled by a gene located on human chromosome 1. From lysates of most human cells, surface-labelled with(More)
Genes encoding seven monoclonal antibody-defined cell-surface antigens have been regionally mapped on human chromosome 11, and compared to those of the AL complex defined by polyclonal antibodies using mutational analysis. MIC1, encoding W6/34 antigen, is probably identical to S1, previously mapped to 11pter-p13. MDU1 and MIC8, encoding 4F2 and TRA-1.10(More)
The existence of genes shared by mammalian sex chromosomes has been predicted on both evolutionary and functional grounds. However, the only experimental evidence for such genes in humans is the cell-surface antigen encoded by loci on the X and Y chromosomes (MIC2X and MIC2Y, respectively), which is recognized by the monoclonal antibody 12E7. Using the(More)