Brent Kay

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In a double-blind investigation the effect of oral controlled-release morphine (MST 30 mg) on pre-operative anxiety was assessed in 50 patients undergoing cholecystectomy. The effects on anaesthetic requirements and recovery, and postoperative pain were also studied. The patients who received morphine treatment were more sedated than those who received the(More)
A randomized, double-blind comparison of nalbuphine 30 mg or 60 mg by mouth and dihydrocodeine 30 mg by mouth was conducted in 75 patients with moderate to severe pain after surgery for dental extractions under general anaesthesia. A significant reduction in pain intensity followed each treatment and persisted throughout the 4-h observation period after(More)
ICI 35868 (Diprivan), 1-2 mg/kg was used to induce anaesthesia in 20 patients, and the results compared with induction of anaesthesia by Althesin 0.5 ml/kg given to a similar group of 20 patients. ICI 35868 was effective in inducing anaesthesia, but produced more respiratory depression, and cardiovascular effects which were significantly different from(More)
I.C.I. 35868 is a promising new intravenous induction agent, but intravenous injection of the initial 2% formulation frequently caused pain. The solvent vehicle of the 2% formulation, which contained Cremophor E.L. and ethanol, was therefore investigated to see if this could be the cause of the pain. Twenty volunteers received both 5 ml isotonic saline and(More)
The neuromuscular blocking action of atracurium and vecuronium acting separately and in combination have been compared using the evoked EMG of the adductor pollicis muscle. Dose response curves have been drawn for the drugs given separately and found to be nonparallel (P less than 0.05). Atracurium was calculated to be 5.25 and 4.1 times less potent than(More)
A sinusoidal flow generator was connected to adult endotracheal tubes of sizes 5-10 and was used to simulate human ventilation. Measurement of the changes in pressure and flow allowed calculation of the work imposed on breathing by endotracheal tubes. The work of breathing increased with increasing ventilatory rate, tidal volume, and decreasing tube(More)
The time intervals measured from the administration of either atracurium or vecuronium to maximum or 95% neuromuscular blockade (Tmax) were compared in 70 patients using the evoked compound action potential of the adductor pollicis muscle. Equipotent doses, calculated from the relationship between dose and response for both drugs obtained in an earlier(More)
  • B Kay
  • 1976
Etomidate 0.2 mg/kg i.v. was used to induce sleep in 198 children. It produced sleep rapidly and safely, with negligible effect on the cardiovascular system and little respiratory depression. Clinical acceptability was reduced by a 27% incidence of pain after injection, a 10% incidence of myoclonia and inadequate dosage in 19%. Etomidate has little(More)
  • B Kay
  • 1976
In a within-patient comparison in 30 subjects, sleep was induced before e.c.t. by different doses of etomidate or methohexitone: etomidate 0.1 mg/kg, 0.2 mg/kg, 0.4 mg/kg or methohexitone 1.5 mg/kg. The duration of hypnotic effect was assessed by recording the time of spontaneous waking and later, of recovery of normal ocular muscle tone. Doubling the dose(More)
The blood concentrations of disoprofol (Diprivan) after single intravenous doses of 1, 2 or 3 mg/kg have been examined in a subpopulation from previously reported clinical studies. The linear relationship between sleep time and dose could be explained by the linearity of the pharmacokinetics at these doses. After a single injection the awakening(More)