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A two-step paradigm for leukocyte recruitment has been established in a number of tissues including the mesentery, skin, and muscle, and necessitates an initial rolling step via the selectins before firm leukocyte adhesion via the integrins. In view of the many inflammatory diseases that involve the liver, we investigated the importance of rolling and the(More)
It has been proposed that a primary detector mechanism for tissue infection or injury may be the mast cell that releases agents that recruit leukocytes to the appropriate site at risk. The objective of this study was to evaluate the early mechanisms involved in mast cell-induced leukocyte recruitment. We used intravital microscopy to visualize(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major opportunistic pathogen. However, host defense mechanisms involved in P. aeruginosa lung infection remain incompletely defined. The transcription factor IFN regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) is primarily associated with host defense against viral infections, and a role of IRF3 in P. aeruginosa infection has not been reported(More)
Natural killer T (NKT) cells are important regulators of the immune system, but their trafficking machinery, including expression of chemokine receptors, has been poorly defined. Unlike other conventional T-cell populations, we show that most NKT cells express receptors for extralymphoid tissue or inflammation-related chemokines (CCR2, CCR5, and CXCR3),(More)
Chemokine receptor expression is finely controlled during T-cell development. We show that newly identified chemokine receptor Bonzo/CXCR6 is expressed by subsets of Th1 or T-cytotoxic 1 (Tc1) cells, but not by Th2 or Tc2 cells, establishing Bonzo as a differential marker of polarized type 1 T cells in vitro and in vivo. Priming of naive T cells by(More)
Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a CC chemokine that stimulates monocyte recruitment when injected into tissues of healthy animals. However, the function of this chemokine in models with preexisting inflammation is not known. Therefore, MCP-1 was superfused over the mesentery of naive rats or rats with chronic adjuvant-induced vasculitis. MCP-1(More)
Leukocyte subsets are recruited from the blood to lymphoid and non-lymphoid tissues via a multi-step process that involves distinct adhesive and activation steps. Chemokines, a family of chemotactic cytokines that signal through G-protein-coupled receptors, play critical roles in regulating the leukocyte recruitment cascade. Chemokines can be transported(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of leukotriene C4 (LTC4) on the flux of rolling leukocytes, leukocyte rolling velocity, and leukocyte adhesion in postcapillary venules in vivo and to study the underlying molecular mechanisms involved. LTC4 (20 nmol/L) induced a rapid and significant increase in leukocyte rolling flux that was(More)
Hepatic infiltration of activated CD8 lymphocytes is a major feature of graft-vs-host disease (GvHD). Chemoattractant cytokines and their receptors are key regulators of lymphocyte trafficking, but the involvement of chemoattractant receptors in the physiologic recruitment of cells into the inflamed liver has not been defined. The present study examines the(More)