Brent J. Williams

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We introduce a new in-situ instrument, Thermal desorption Aerosol GC/MS-FID (TAG), capable of hourly measurements of speciated organic compounds in atmospheric aerosols. Aerosol samples are collected into a thermal desorption cell by means of humidification and inertial impaction. The sample is thermally desorbed and transferred with helium carrier gas into(More)
We present laboratory studies and field observations that explore the role of aminium salt formation in atmospheric nanoparticle growth. These measurements were performed using the Thermal Desorption Chemical Ionization Mass Spectrometer (TDCIMS) and Ultrafine Hygroscopicity Tandem Differential Mobility Analyzers. Laboratory measurements of(More)
An understanding of the gas/particle-phase partitioning of semivolatile compounds is critical in determining atmospheric aerosol formation processes and growth rates, which in turn affect global climate and human health. The Study of Organic Aerosol at Riverside 2005 campaign was performed to gain a better understanding of the factors responsible for(More)
Cardiovascular effects of social evaluation were examined under different task conditions. In Experiment 1, systolic responses in women were greater under public than private conditions when a fixed behavioral challenge was difficult, but not when the challenge was easy. In Experiment 2, social evaluation potentiated systolic responsivity in men and women(More)
[1] We report the first ever hourly in situ measurements of speciated organic aerosol composition. Measurements were made during July and August 2004 at Chebogue Point, Nova Scotia, using a novel thermal desorption aerosol GC/MS-FID (TAG) instrument as part of the International Consortium for Atmospheric Research on Transport and Transformation (ICARTT).(More)
[1] We present a factor analysis-based method for differentiating air masses on the basis of source influence and apply the method to a broad suite of trace gas and aerosol measurements collected at Chebogue Point, Nova Scotia, during the summer of 2004 to characterize the chemical composition of atmospheric outflow from eastern North America. CO, ozone,(More)
The complexity of organic composition and temporal variability of atmospheric aerosols presents an extreme analytical challenge. Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC x GC) has been used on time integrated filter samples to reveal the presence of thousands of individual organic compounds in aerosols, but without defining the temporal(More)
INTRODUCTION Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) generate aerosols that users inhale. Analyses of e-liquids inconsistently report nicotyrine, a nicotine analog that could impede nicotine metabolism, raising questions about nicotyrine formation. METHODS E-cig aerosols were analyzed on-line using a Thermal Desorption Aerosol Gas Chromatograph. Three e-liquids(More)
A simple and cost-effective GC×GC modulator requiring no moving parts or consumables, hence suitable for field analysis and monitoring, was developed. The modulator was constructed from a specially designed Silcosteel® trapping capillary, installed outside the GC oven, and coated inside with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) stationary phase. Dual-stage(More)
There are conflicting reports about the efficacy of electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) as nicotine delivery devices and smoking cessation products. In addition, smokers' responses to some nicotine dependence questions often change as they transition to exclusive e-cig use. Nicotyrine may explain these observations. Nicotyrine forms by the gradual oxidation of(More)