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The complexity of computing conventional matrix multiply wave-front reconstructors scales as O(n3) for most adaptive optical (AO) systems, where n is the number of deformable mirror (DM) actuators. This is impractical for proposed systems with extremely large n. It is known that sparse matrix methods improve this scaling for least-squares reconstructors,… (More)

- Brent L Ellerbroek, Charles Van Loan, Nikos P Pitsianis, Robert J Plemmons
- 1994

The performance of a closed-loop adaptive-optics system may in principle be improved by selection of distinct and independently optimized control bandwidths for separate components, or modes, of the wave-front-distortion profile. We describe a method for synthesizing and optimizing a multiple-bandwidth adaptive-optics control system from performance… (More)

- V P Pauca, B L Ellerbroek, N P Pitsianis, R J Plemmons, X Sun
- 1998

Real-time adaptive-optics is a means for enhancing the resolution of ground based, optical telescopes beyond the limits previously imposed by the turbulent atmosphere. One approach for linear performance modeling of closed-loop adaptive-optics systems involves calculating very large covariance matrices whose components can be represented by sums of Hankel… (More)

- David R Andersen, Jeff Stoesz, Simon Morris, Michael Lloyd-Hart, David Crampton, Tim Butterley +8 others
- 2006

Using five independent analytic and Monte Carlo simulation codes, we have studied the performance of wide field ground layer adaptive optics (GLAO), which uses a single, relatively low order deformable mirror to correct the wavefront errors from the lowest altitude turbulence. GLAO concentrates more light from a point source in a smaller area on the science… (More)

By 'atmospheric tomography' we mean the estimation of a layered atmospheric turbulence profile from measurements of the pupil-plane phase (or phase gradients) corresponding to several different guide star directions. We introduce what we believe to be a new Fourier domain preconditioned conjugate gradient (FD-PCG) algorithm for atmospheric tomography, and… (More)

- Carl Nissly, Byoung-Joon Seo, Mitchell Troy, George Angeli, John Angione, Ian Crossfield +3 others

We consider high-resolution optical modeling of the Thirty Meter Telescope for the purpose of error budget and instrumentation trades utilizing the Modeling and Analysis for Controlled Optical Systems tool. Using this ray-trace and diffraction model we have simulated the TMT optical errors related to multiple effects including segment alignment and phasing,… (More)

- B L Ellerbroek, C R Vogel
- 2009

Adaptive optics (AO) is a technology used in ground-based astronomy to correct for the wavefront aberrations and loss of image quality caused by atmospheric turbulence. Provided some difficult technical problems can be overcome, AO will enable future astronomers to achieve nearly diffraction-limited performance with the extremely large telescopes that are… (More)

- Alexander V Goncharov, Maciej Nowakowski, Matthew T Sheehan, Christopher Dainty, E M Born, Wolf +98 others
- 2010

We present a practical method for reconstructing the optical system of the human eye from off-axis wavefront measurements. A retinal beacon formed at different locations on the retina allows probing the optical structure of the eye by the outgoing beams that exit the eye through the dilated pupil. A Shack-Hartmann aberrometer measures the amount of wave… (More)

We describe modeling and simulation results for the Thirty Meter Telescope on the degradation of sodium laser guide star Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor measurement accuracy that will occur due to the spatial structure and temporal variations of the mesospheric sodium layer. By using a contiguous set of lidar measurements of the sodium profile, the… (More)

We investigate a new metric, the normalized point source sensitivity (PSSN), for characterizing the seeing-limited performance of large telescopes. As the PSSN metric is directly related to the photometric error of background limited observations, it represents the efficiency loss in telescope observing time. The PSSN metric properly accounts for the… (More)