Brent C Faulkner

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Wound irrigation is an adjunct to all implant surgeries involving surgical incisions or arthroplasties. An understanding of the physics of wound irrigation provides a scientific basis for recommending wound irrigation systems for implant surgery. When inserting implants through surgical incisions, a low-pressure irrigation system is recommended for removing(More)
Biobrane (standard adherence) and Biobrane L (light adherence) were compared for their degree of adherence to donor site wounds on rabbits at 1, 4, 7, and 9 days. Biobrane, which has more nylon fabric exposed to the wound surface, had significantly greater adherence levels to the wound at all time periods when compared with Biobrane L, which has less nylon(More)
Lactomer and Polyglactin 910 sutures are both made of copolymers of lactide and glycolide. Biomechanical performance tests demonstrated superior handling characteristics of the Lactomer sutures. Using sutures comparable in size and knot construction, the Lactomer sutures exhibited knot holding force superior to the Polyglactin 910. Moreover, the low knot(More)
Pluronic F68 was selected as the gel carrier for antimicrobial agents because of its extensive use as a wound cleanser in humans without discernable side effects. When the concentration of this surfactant is increased to 46%, it forms a water soluble gel that can serve as a carrier for antimicrobial agents. The stability of this gel can be enhanced by(More)
The efficacy and safety of tissue adhesives needs to be clearly defined. A thrombin-based preparation of fibrin sealant has recently been shown to have deleterious effects on microvascular anastomoses in an animal model. The authors found that fibrin sealant constructed with a high concentration of bovine thrombin (1,000 IU per milliliter) was detrimental(More)
A mechanical performance test using an Instron Tensile Tester demonstrated the superior handling characteristics of Surgipro suture as compared to Prolene suture that facilitated knot construction without suture breakage. For both granny and square knots, the knot run down forces for the Surgipro sutures were significantly less than those encountered for(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify the optimal knot construction for interrupted dermal sutures. A synthetic braided absorbable suture, sizes 3-0 and 5-0, was selected for this evaluation. With reproducible mechanical performance tests, we determined that the construction of secure knots without ears required one additional throw as compared with(More)
Continuous percutaneous and dermal suture closures have an important role in the approximation of long, linear lacerations in the emergency department. This report documents the scientific basis for these continuous closure techniques. In addition, a detailed description of these surgical closure techniques is presented.
The developmental toxicities of caffeine and 13 metabolites, including theophylline, and paraxanthine and a synthetic methylxanthine analogue 3-isobutyl-methylxanthine (IBMX) were evaluated using the Frog Embryo Teratogenesis Assay Xenopus (FETAX). Young X. laevis embryos were exposed to these compounds in each of two separate concentration-response(More)