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BACKGROUND Planning for the treatment of infection with the 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus through health care systems in developed countries during winter in the Northern Hemisphere is hampered by a lack of information from similar health care systems. METHODS We conducted an inception-cohort study in all Australian and New Zealand intensive care(More)
A total of 91 children (68 singletons, 20 twins and three triplets) who were conceived from cryopreserved embryos between 27 December 1989 and 18 January 1994, and 83 normally conceived control children (81 singletons and two twins) of a similar age, sex and social class, were assessed for minor congenital anomalies and major congenital malformations. Their(More)
A cohort of 91 children from cryopreserved embryos and 83 control children who were conceived normally had their development assessed using the Griffiths's scales of mental development. The controls (81 singletons and two twins) of a similar age, sex, and social class were selected from siblings, cousins, and peers of the cryopreserved embryo group (68(More)
AIMS To compare the outcome in in vitro fertilisation (IVF) children (after fresh embryo transfer) from multiple and singleton births with one another, and with normally conceived control children. METHODS A cohort of 278 children (150 singletons, 100 twins, 24 triplets and four quadruplets), conceived by IVF after three fresh embryos had been(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the clinical and bacteriological outcome of critically ill patients with sepsis treated by ceftriaxone administered as a once-a-day intermittent bolus dose or by 24 h continuous infusion. PATIENTS AND METHODS We conducted an open-label, randomized controlled pilot study in 57 patients clinically diagnosed with sepsis(More)
The mismatch between intensive care unit (ICU) bed availability and demand may be improved with timely patient discharges, however little is known about the nature and contributing factors of discharge delays. This study investigated the impact of a specific intervention--the ICU liaison nurse role--in reducing ICU discharge delay using a prospective block(More)
A prospective standardized collection of clinical, microbiological and pharmaceutical information on antibiotic use was conducted in Australia and New Zealand intensive care units (ICUs) involving 481 consecutive critically ill patients who were receiving antibiotics for any reason while in ICU. Patients had a mean SAPS II score of 34.1 +/- 17.8 with an(More)
BACKGROUND Patients discharged from the intensive care unit may be at risk of adverse events because of complex care needs. OBJECTIVE To identify the types, frequency, and predictors of adverse events that occur in the 72 hours after discharge from an intensive care unit when no evidence of adverse events was apparent before discharge. METHODS A(More)
To determine the effects of fluid restriction in induced labour with oxytocin in 5% dextrose solution, maternal venous blood and fetal cord venous blood were examined in 164 mothers in induced labour and 29 mothers with a spontaneous onset of labour. After satisfactory uterine activity was induced either the oxytocin infusion was managed according to(More)