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Heterokaryons from Mucor racemosus were produced from two auxotrophic strains of the fungus. Germlings were converted to spheroplasts by using commercial chitinase and purified Myxobacter AL-1 chitosanase. Spheroplasts from the auxotrophic strains were mixed and fused in solutions of polyethylene glycol and CaCl2. Under optimal conditions, prototrophic(More)
We have developed an improved scheme for the classification of environmental and clinical isolates of Histoplasma capsulatum that is based on analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and ribosomal DNA (rDNA). Strains were initially divided into mtDNA groups according to restriction digests of whole-cell DNA and Southern hybridization with cloned mtDNA probes.(More)
A 1059-bp Sau3A fragment, designated Candida albicans repetitive element 2 (CARE-2), was isolated from the genome of the pathogenic yeast, C. albicans. CARE-2 DNA was detected on several C. albicans chromosomes separated by transverse alternating-field electrophoresis. A high degree of interstrain variation in the pattern of hybridizing bands were observed(More)
A 24-year-old woman had fatal pneumonia-associated adult respiratory distress syndrome caused by Rhodococcus species. Histological examination of lung biopsy tissue showed intracellular coccobacillary microorganisms. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests on the patient's blood isolate showed that it was resistant to clindamycin and norfloxacin but susceptible(More)
During January to April 2007, hospital staff reported 3 patients with Rhodococcus equi bloodstream infections. Isolates were analyzed at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, to confirm identification and to assess strain relatedness; 2 were R. equi but genetically distinct, and 1 was identified as Gordonia polyisoprenivorans. Rapid(More)
Gordonia infections in humans are rare and usually affect immunocompromised patients. We present the first case of Gordonia araii infection associated with a medical device in an immunocompetent patient. Sequencing was required for conclusive identification. We compared our case to the 16 Gordonia species-associated medical device infections reported to(More)
Random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) was used to better characterize the genotypic relatedness among medically important Candida species. By using short oligomer primers (10-mers) with arbitrarily chosen sequences in the polymerase chain reaction, distinctive and reproducible sets of polymerase chain reaction products were observed for isolates of C.(More)
We developed a microtitration plate enzyme immunoassay to detect PCR-amplified DNA from Candida species. Nucleotide sequences derived from the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of fungal rDNA were used to develop species-specific oligonucleotide probes for Candida albicans, C. tropicalis, C. parapsilosis, and C. krusei. No cross-hybridization was(More)
A brain abscess complicated antineoplastic chemotherapy for a primary cerebral rhabdoid tumor in an immunocompromised boy. Culture of purulent exudate obtained by surgical puncture of an intracranial hematoma yielded a gram-positive microorganism initially identified as a Rhodococcus species by conventional biochemical analysis; however, the isolate was(More)