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The isolation of the Lyme disease spirochete (Borrelia burgdorferi) from the southeastern United States is reported. Three isolates, two from cotton mice (Peromyscus gossypinus) and one from the black-legged tick (Ixodes scapularis), were recovered from Sapelo Island, Georgia, in July and September 1991. The spirochetes were characterized by indirect(More)
The anticonvulsant phenytoin causes a decrease in plasma concentrations of folate in epileptic patients. The mechanism underlying this depletion is unknown. To study this mechanism, phenytoin was administered to rats by addition to the diet (3 g phenytoin/kg diet) for up to 8 wk. At selected times during phenytoin administration (0, 3, 7, 10, 14, 28, 42 and(More)
BACKGROUND Opioid receptors regulate a diverse array of physiological functions. Mu opioid receptor agonists are well-known analgesics for treating acute pain. In contrast, animal models suggest that chronic pain is more effectively relieved by delta opioid receptor agonists. A number of studies have shown that chronic pain results in increased function of(More)
The c-kit receptor and its cognate ligand, KL, are encoded at the white spotting locus (W) and the steel locus (Sl) of the mouse, respectively. Sl and W mutations affect the same cellular targets in melanogenesis, gametogenesis and hematopoiesis during embryonic development and in adult life. c-kit is expressed in cellular targets of W and Sl mutations,(More)
Twenty-three transurethral resected prostate specimens with histologic evidence of chronic abacterial prostatitis were evaluated by colorimetric in situ hybridization for evidence of Chlamydia trachomatis. Intracellular chlamydia bodies were detected in seven of 23 cases (30.4%). In five of seven positive cases, chlamydia inclusion bodies were present(More)
To determine the role of c-myc and H-ras in progressive, dysplastic Barrett's mucosa (BM), and the usefulness of these oncogenes as markers for dysplastic lesions at high risk for malignant transformation, sequential formaldehyde solution-fixed, paraffin-embedded biopsy specimens that were obtained from 12 patients with BM were evaluated by in situ(More)
Larvae and nymphs of Ixodes dammini Spielman, Piesman, Clifford & Corwin from a laboratory colony were fed on two white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmerman) inoculated with either the SH2-82 or JD-1 strains of Borrelia burgdorferi Johnson, Schmid, Hyde, Steigerwalt & Brenner. Ticks were exposed to one deer 43 and 69 d after inoculation of the(More)
The Australian elapids inject venom which is characteristic of each species; and which cause characteristic and specific envenomation syndromes in human victims of snakebite. Because many of the medically significant Australian elapids look similar, when glimpsed in the field by snakebite victims, defining human envenomation syndromes with secure species(More)
This is the first report of natural infection by Borrelia burgdorferi in the cotton rat Sigmodon hispidus. Nine B. burgdorferi isolates were obtained from ear tissues, urinary bladders, or both, by culturing tissues in BSKII medium. The rat from which the SI-3 isolate was cultured was from the same site (Sapelo Island, Georgia) as an infected cotton mouse(More)
Gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) has been measured in cell lines that represent different stages of chemically induced mouse skin carcinogenesis. No significant difference in GJIC, as measured by dye spread, was found in cultures of normal keratinocyte, papilloma or squamous carcinoma cell lines. There was no correlation, in this system,(More)