Brendan Walker

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The Drift Table is an electronic coffee table that displays slowly moving aerial photography controlled by the distribution of weight on its surface. It was designed to investigate our ideas about how technologies for the home could support ludic activities-that is, activities motivated by curiosity, exploration, and reflection rather than(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that activation of the dynorphin/kappa (kappa)-opioid system has a role in the increased consumption of ethanol in dependent animals. The effects of three opioid receptor antagonists with different effects on opioid receptors, naltrexone, nalmefene, and nor-binaltorphimine (nor-BNI), were compared in(More)
Altered dynorphin opioid peptide systems contribute to increased ethanol self-administration during withdrawal following chronic alcohol exposure. We previously identified that the κ-opioid receptor antagonist nor-binaltorphimine (nor-BNI) selectively reduced ethanol self-administration in dependent animals. The purpose of this study was twofold: (1)(More)
Alcoholism is a complex disorder influenced by interactions between genetic and environmental risk factors. This study examined the influence of isolate housing on ethanol intake in alcohol-preferring (P) and non-alcohol-preferring (NP) rats. Rats were isolate-housed or pair-housed for 8 weeks when between 45 and 96 days old. Ethanol drinking was assessed(More)
BACKGROUND The dynorphin (DYN)/kappa-opioid receptor (KOR) system undergoes neuroadaptations following chronic alcohol exposure that promote excessive operant self-administration and negative affective-like states; however, the exact mechanisms are unknown. The present studies tested the hypothesis that an upregulated DYN/KOR system mediates excessive(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that blockade of alpha1-adrenergic receptors may suppress the excessive ethanol consumption associated with acute withdrawal in ethanol-dependent rats. Following the acquisition and stabilization of operant ethanol self-administration in male Wistar rats, dependence was induced in half the animals by(More)
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that activation of the dynorphin/kappa (κ)-opioid system has a role in the increased consumption of ethanol in dependent animals. The effects of three opioid receptor antagonists with different effects on opioid receptors, naltrexone, nalmefene, and nor-binaltorphimine (nor-BNI), were compared in their(More)
Knowledge of blood alcohol levels (BALs) that are achieved following ethanol administration is critical for contemporary efforts to develop animal models of alcoholism. Adolescent and adult male Wistar rats were administered varying doses of ethanol (0.75, 1.5 and 3.0 g/kg) via gavage or intraperitoneal injection and BALs were measured over a two hour(More)
Once dependent on alcohol or opioids, negative affect may accompany withdrawal. Dependent individuals are hypothesized to “self-medicate” in order to cope with withdrawal, which promotes escalated alcohol and drug use. The current study aimed to develop a reliable animal model to assess symptoms that occur during spontaneous alcohol and opioid withdrawal.(More)