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BACKGROUND Epidural block is widely used to manage major abdominal surgery and postoperative analgesia, but its risks and benefits are uncertain. We compared adverse outcomes in high-risk patients managed for major surgery with epidural block or alternative analgesic regimens with general anaesthesia in a multicentre randomised trial. METHODS 915 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Nitrous oxide is widely used in anesthesia, often administered at an inspired concentration around 70%. Although nitrous oxide interferes with vitamin B12, folate metabolism, and deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis and prevents the use of high inspired oxygen concentrations, the consequences of these effects are unclear. METHODS Patients having(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to determine whether post-operative neurocognitive dysfunction (POCD) occurs after ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND Ablation for AF is a highly effective strategy; however, the risk of transient ischemic attack and stroke is approximately 0.5% to 1%. In addition, magnetic resonance imaging studies report a 7%(More)
BACKGROUND An accurate assessment of the prevalence of cognitive impairment in patients scheduled for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is necessary if valid assumptions regarding cognitive change are to be made. Such an assessment requires the use of a healthy control group free of cardiovascular disease. METHODS In a retrospective(More)
The reliable change index (RCI) expresses change relative to its associated error, and is useful in the identification of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). This paper examines four common RCIs that each account for error in different ways. Three rules incorporate a constant correction for practice effects and are contrasted with the standard RCI(More)
BACKGROUND The sedative drug combination that produces minimal cognitive impairment and optimal operating conditions during colonoscopy has not been determined. We sought to determine if the use of propofol alone results in less cognitive impairment at discharge than the use of propofol plus midazolam and/or fentanyl in patients presenting for elective(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship of aortic atheroma to postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD), a common complication of coronary artery bypass graft surgery, has not been resolved. We undertook assessment of aortic atheroma using intraoperative ultrasonography and related the degree of aortic atheroma to POCD. METHODS Aortic atheroma was assessed using(More)
BACKGROUND Most patients with coronary artery disease receive aspirin for primary or secondary prevention of myocardial infarction, stroke, and death. Aspirin poses a risk of bleeding in patients undergoing surgery, but it is unclear whether aspirin should be stopped before coronary artery surgery. METHODS We used a 2-by-2 factorial trial design to(More)
A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial was conducted to investigate the influence of intravenous clonidine on thiopental dose requirements when used for induction of anesthesia and associated hemodynamic effects. Sixty ASA physical status I or II patients were randomly allocated to one of three treatment groups: normal saline solution (control, n =(More)
  • Paul S Myles, Julian A Smith, +12 authors Sophie Wallace
  • 2017
BACKGROUND Tranexamic acid reduces the risk of bleeding among patients undergoing cardiac surgery, but it is unclear whether this leads to improved outcomes. Furthermore, there are concerns that tranexamic acid may have prothrombotic and proconvulsant effects. METHODS In a trial with a 2-by-2 factorial design, we randomly assigned patients who were(More)