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The effects of extraction and nonextraction orthodontic treatment mechanics on patients with dolichofacial and brachyfacial growth patterns between one and two standard deviations were studied. Groups underwent treatment of either nonextraction or extraction of four premolars with the appropriate mechanics for the facial type. Changes in the facial axis and(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the natural course of clinical remission in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) when insulin dose is minimized without loss of target glycemia and to identify factors that predict clinical remission. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Ninety-five patients, who were placebo-treated control subjects in the Canadian-European multicenter(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS To evaluate if the application of Lispro insulin in pregnancy increases the risk for malformations or unusual pregnancy courses. METHODS Diabetes specialists were contacted in Germany and Austria and asked to report women with diabetes who had been treated with Lispro during pregnancy. Furthermore they were asked to report another pregnant(More)
Generalizing the notion of a vexillary permutation, we introduce a filtration of S∞ by the number of Edelman-Greene tableaux of a permutation, and show that each filtration level is characterized by avoiding a finite set of patterns. In doing so, we show that if w is a permutation containing v as a pattern, then there is an injection from the set of(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t Generalizing the notion of a vexillary permutation, we introduce a filtration of S ∞ by the number of terms in the Stanley symmetric function, with the kth filtration level called the k-vexillary permutations. We show that for each k, the k-vexillary permutations are characterized by avoiding a finite set of patterns. A(More)
The study of permutations is of central importance to mathematics. Computation with permutation groups has typically been limited to systems such as GAP and Magma. In this paper we describe cl-permutation, a system for doing computations with permutation groups in ANSI Common Lisp. Homomesies, a recent concept introduced by Propp and Roby, are elaborated(More)