Brendan McElroy

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Malaria is still one of the biggest health threats in the developing world, with an estimated 300 million episodes per year and one million deaths, most of which are in sub-Saharan Africa. Although the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of treated bed nets has been widely reported, little is known about the range, strength, or interaction between different(More)
Malaria is responsible for an estimated one million deaths per year, the vast majority in sub-Saharan Africa. Many of these deaths are attributed to delays in seeking treatment and poor adherence to drug regimes. While there are a growing number of studies describing the factors influencing treatment seeking for malaria, far less is known about the relative(More)
This study aims to provide a better understanding of the amounts spent on different malaria prevention products and the determinants of these expenditures. 1,601 households were interviewed about their expenditure on malaria mosquito nets in the past five years, net re-treatments in the past six months and other expenditures prevention in the past two(More)
INTRODUCTION As part of the proposed changes to re-design the Irish health-care system, the Department of Health (money follows the patient-policy paper on hospital financing, 2013b) outlined a new funding model for Irish hospitals-money follows the patient (MFTP). This will replace the existing system which is predominately prospective with hospitals(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine day care treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy compared with the traditional inpatient management of this condition. METHODS We conducted an open-label, single-center, randomized controlled trial to examine the differences between day care and inpatient management of pregnant women with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the full cost of clinical audit in one health board area and extrapolate the result of Scotland. METHODS A questionnaire was sent ot a representative sample of NHS staff to determine time spent on clinical audit. This was combined with cost data from clinical audit budgets and unit cost data for staff time. RESULTS Seventy-two(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the comparative cost effectiveness of day care over inpatient management of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP). STUDY DESIGN A cost utility analysis was performed using a decision analytical model in which a Markov model was constructed. The Markov model was primarily populated with data from a recently published randomised(More)
In many countries, there has been a considerable shift towards providing a more woman-centred maternity service, which affords greater consumer choice. Maternity service provision in Ireland is set to follow this trend with policymakers committed to improving maternal choice at hospital level. However, women's preferences for maternity care are unknown, as(More)
BACKGROUND Operating room time is a limited, expensive commodity in acute hospitals. Strategies aimed at reduction of non-operative time improve operating room throughput and capacity. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate and augment operating room throughput and capacity using context-specific work practice changes. METHODS Following(More)