Brendan L Thoms

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OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of hypoxia on both anabolic and catabolic pathways of metabolism in human articular cartilage and to elucidate the roles played by hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) in these responses. METHODS Normal human articular cartilage from a range of donors was obtained at the time of above-the-knee amputations due to sarcomas not(More)
In a chronically hypoxic tissue such as cartilage, adaptations to hypoxia do not merely include cell survival responses, but also promotion of its specific function. This review will focus on describing such hypoxia-mediated chondrocyte function, in particular in the permanent articular cartilage. The molecular details of how chondrocytes sense and respond(More)
Human articular cartilage is an avascular tissue, and therefore it functions in a hypoxic environment. Cartilage cells, the chondrocytes, have adapted to this and actually use hypoxia to drive tissue-specific functions. We have previously shown that human chondrocytes enhance cartilage matrix synthesis in response to hypoxia specifically through(More)
PTHrP (parathyroid hormone-related protein) is crucial for normal cartilage development and long bone growth and acts to delay chondrocyte hypertrophy and terminal differentiation in the growth plate. After growth plate closure adult HACs (human articular chondrocytes) still produce PTHrP, suggesting a possible role for this factor in the permanent(More)
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