Brendan J Payne

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UDP-GlcNAc: lysosomal enzyme N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase (GlcNAc-1-phosphotransferase) is an alpha(2)beta(2)gamma(2) hexameric enzyme that catalyzes the first step in the synthesis of the mannose 6-phosphate targeting signal on lysosomal hydrolases. In humans, mutations in the gene encoding the alpha/beta subunit precursor give rise to(More)
There is evidence that genetic factors play a role in the complex multifactorial pathogenesis of hydrocephalus. Identification of the genes involved in the development of this neurologic disorder in animal models may elucidate factors responsible for the excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in hydrocephalic humans. The authors report here a brief(More)
The Hedgehog (Hh) pathway is a conserved signalling system essential for embryonic development and for the maintenance of self-renewal pathways in progenitor cells. Mutations that deregulate Hh signalling are directly implicated in basal cell carcinoma and medulloblastoma. The mechanisms of Hh pathway activation in cancers in which no pathway mutations have(More)
An artificial neural network model for the recognition of Escherichia coli O157:H7 restriction patterns was designed. In the training phase, images of two classes of E. coli isolates (O157:H7 and non-O157:H7) were digitized and transmitted to the neural network. The system was then tested for recognition of images not included in the training set. Promising(More)
Mice deficient in TMEM218 (Tmem218(-/-) ) were generated as part of an effort to identify and validate pharmaceutically tractable targets for drug development through large-scale phenotypic screening of knockout mice. Routine diagnostics, expression analysis, histopathology, and electroretinogram analyses completed on Tmem218(-/-) mice identified a(More)
No diagnostic test for pertussis in routine use in the United States has both high sensitivity and high specificity. During a statewide increase in the incidence of pertussis in Missouri, we studied the clinical features of 153 patients with suspected pertussis in the Greater St. Louis area from whom a specimen for pertussis culture had been taken between(More)
Heavy metal nephropathy is a pathologic entity of the renal tubular epithelium of rats, evoked by lead, gold, and other heavy metals. It is characterized acutely by coagulative necrosis, subacutely by cortical fibrosis, and chronically by cytomegaly and karyomegaly. Finally, adenomas develop, some of which become malignant.
Auranofin, a gold-containing compound, was administered to Charles River CD-1 mice for 18 months to assess its possible carcinogenicity. The mice were dosed orally with 1.0, 3.0, or 6.0 (increased to 9.0 on Day 294) mg/kg/day. Each dose group and each of two control groups contained 110 males and 110 females. Survival was greater than 70% at the end of the(More)