Brendan J McMorran

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Many bacteria respond to a lack of iron in the environment by synthesizing siderophores, which act as iron-scavenging compounds. Fluorescent pseudomonads synthesize strain-specific but chemically related siderophores called pyoverdines or pseudobactins. We have investigated the mechanisms by which iron controls expression of genes involved in pyoverdine(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) strain PAO synthesises a siderophore, pyoverdine (Pvd), when grown under conditions of iron starvation. Pvd consists of a dihydroxyquinoline group attached to an 8-amino-acid-residue peptide. DNA spanning at least 78 kb of the chromosome is required for Pvd synthesis, but to date only three genes involved in this process have(More)
The alternative sigma factor PvdS is required by Pseudomonas aeruginosa for initiation of transcription from pyoverdine (pvd) promoters. Two divergent PvdS-dependent promoters (pvdE and pvdF) were characterized by deletion analysis, and the minimal promoter region for each included a sequence element, the iron starvation (IS) box, that is present in other(More)
The major cause of death in cystic fibrosis (CF) is chronic lung disease associated with persistent infection by the bacterium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa. S100A8, an S-100 calcium-binding protein with chemotactic activity, is constitutively expressed in the lungs and serum of CF patients. Levels of S100A8 mRNA were found to be three to four times higher in the(More)
Increasingly, cystic fibrosis (CF) is regarded as an inflammatory disorder where the response of the lung to Pseudomonas aeruginosa is exaggerated as a consequence of processes mediated by the product of the CF gene, CFTR. Of importance to any gene-replacement strategy for treatment of CF is the identification of the cell type(s) within the lung milieu that(More)
Platelets play a critical role in the pathogenesis of malarial infections by encouraging the sequestration of infected red blood cells within the cerebral vasculature. But platelets also have well-established roles in innate protection against microbial infections. We found that purified human platelets killed Plasmodium falciparum parasites cultured in red(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes severe life-threatening airway infections that are a frequent cause for hospitalization of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. These Gram-negative pathogens possess flagella that contain the protein flagellin as a major structural component. Flagellin binds to the host cell glycolipid asialoGM1 (ASGM1), which appears enriched in(More)
BACKGROUND Airway inflammation in cystic fibrosis (CF) is exaggerated and characterized by neutrophil-mediated tissue destruction, but its genesis and mechanisms remain poorly understood. To further define the pulmonary inflammatory response, we conducted a proteome-based screen of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) collected from young children with and(More)
Platelets restrict the growth of intraerythrocytic malaria parasites by binding to parasitized cells and killing the parasite within. Here, we show that the platelet molecule platelet factor 4 (PF4 or CXCL4) and the erythrocyte Duffy-antigen receptor (Fy) are necessary for platelet-mediated killing of Plasmodium falciparum parasites. PF4 is released by(More)
The blood stage of the plasmodium parasite life cycle is responsible for the clinical symptoms of malaria. Epidemiological studies have identified coincidental malarial endemicity and multiple red blood cell (RBC) disorders. Many RBC disorders result from mutations in genes encoding cytoskeletal proteins and these are associated with increased protection(More)