Brendan J Kennedy

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Gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity is one of the major problems associated with antiinflammatory drugs. The complexation of the powerful antiinflammatory drug (IndoH) by metal ions, as a means of reducing GI toxicity, has been studied. The in vitro superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, in vivo antiinflammatory activity, and gastrointestinal ulcerogenic(More)
The lanthanide stannates, Ln2Sn2O7, Ln=La-Lu and Y, have the isometric pyrochlore structure, A2B2O7, and their structural properties have been refined by Rietveld analysis of powder neutron and synchrotron X-ray diffraction data. In this study, the enthalpies of formation of selected stannate pyrochlores, Ln=La, Nd, Sm, Eu, Dy, and Yb, were measured by(More)
The structural properties of (Bi0.5Na0.5)Ti1-xZrxO3 (where 0 ≤ x ≤ 0.7) have been investigated using powder diffraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. Diffraction measurements on (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3 confirm that both monoclinic Cc and rhombohedral R3c phases are present at room temperature. Doping small amounts of Zr into the B site of (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3(More)
The zirconates Ln(2)Zr(2)O(7) (Ln = lanthanoid) have been studied using a combination of Zr L-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) and synchrotron X-ray and neutron powder diffraction methods. These studies demonstrate that as the size of the lanthanoid cation decreases, the local structure evolves smoothly from the ideal pyrochlore toward the(More)
The syntheses and spectral and structural characterizations of Zn(II) indomethacin [1-(4-chlorobenzoyl)-5-methoxy-2-methyl-1H-indole-3-acetic acid = IndoH] complexes, as different solvent adducts, have been studied. The complexes are unusual in that both monomeric and dimeric complexes are formed and that this is the first example of the same carboxylato(More)
Copper K-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopic (XAS) measurements were recorded for the veterinary antiinflammatory Cu(II) complexes of indomethacin (1-(4-chlorobenzoyl)-5-methoxy-2-methyl-1H-indole-3-acetic acid = IndoH), of the general formula [Cu(2)(Indo)(4)L(2)] (L = N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF), N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMA), N-methylpyrrolidone (NMP), and(More)
Zinc K-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) experiments were performed in the solid and solution states at low temperature (10 K), on dimeric and monomeric anti-inflammatory Zn(II) complexes of indomethacin [1-(4-chlorobenzoyl)-5-methoxy-2-methyl-1H-indole-3-acetic acid=IndoH] of the formula [Zn2(Indo)4L2] [L=pyridine (Py), N,N-dimethylacetamide(More)
Acetonitrile extracts of ulcerated and control rat stomachs were studied by various NMR techniques in an attempt to understand how indomethacin, a common and powerful nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID), induces ulcers in the stomach. One- (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) NMR spectra of extracts of ulcerated and control stomachs revealed that glycolytic(More)
The uptake of carcinogenic and mutagenic Cr compounds and the intracellular distribution of their biotransformation products in V79 Chinese hamster lung cells were studied by synchrotron-radiation-induced X-ray emission (SRIXE). SRIXE analysis was performed on whole cells that had been treated with either Cr(III) or Cr(V) 1,10-phenanthroline complexes, or(More)