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The differentiation of precursor cells into neurons or astrocytes in the developing brain has been thought to be regulated in part by growth factors. We show here that neural precursors isolated from the developing forebrain of mice that are deficient in the gene for the low-affinity leukemia inhibitory factor receptor (LIFR-/-) fail to generate astrocytes(More)
Tumor-associated human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) is expressed in >85% of human tumors but not in most normal cells. As a result, this antigen has received considerable attention from those interested in cancer immunotherapy. Specifically, there has been strong interest in MHC class I-associated peptides derived from hTERT because these are(More)
The cDNA sequence encoding the human complement-associated protein, SP-40,40, is reported. The two chains of SP-40,40 are coded in a single open reading frame on the same mRNA molecule, indicating the existence of a biosynthetic precursor protein which matures post-synthetically by the proteolysis of at least one peptide bond. The precursor is preceded by a(More)
Studies of mucins suggest that the structural effects of O-glycans are restricted to steric interactions between peptide-linked GalNAc residues and adjacent polypeptide residues. It has been proposed, however, that differential O-glycan sialylation alters the structure of the stalk-like region of the T cell co-receptor, CD8, and that this, in turn,(More)
Costimulatory molecules are important regulators of T cell activation and thus favored targets for therapeutic manipulation of immune responses. One of the key costimulatory receptors is CD80, which binds the T cell ligands, CD28, and CTLA-4. We describe a set of small compounds that bind with high specificity and low nanomolar affinity to CD80. The(More)
We have previously described the isolation and sequencing of cDNA clones encoding rat interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interleukin-4 (IL-4). In the present study, we report the generation of stably transfected Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines which constitutively synthesize and secrete high levels of rat recombinant IL-2 (rIL-2) and IL-4 (rIL-4). The(More)
The T4 antigens of mouse and sheep have been purified to homogeneity and partially sequenced using protein and peptide microsequencing techniques. Both mouse and sheep antigens bear distinct homology to human T4, having an amino-terminal segment that is homologous to the K-chain variable region (VK). A surprisingly high degree of sequence divergence was(More)
Here we report the use of automated Edman degradation of covalently linked glycopeptides to identify positively the sites of O- and N-glycosylation. The O-glycosidic linkage of carbohydrate to the hydroxy amino acids Ser and Thr is a major form of post-translational modification. However, unlike Asn-linked glycosylation, which is identified by the consensus(More)