Brendan Francis O'Connor

Learn More
Proline is unique among the 20 amino acids due to its cyclic structure. This specific conformation imposes many restrictions on the structural aspects of peptides and proteins and confers particular biological properties upon a wide range of physiologically important biomolecules. In order to adequately deal with such peptides, nature has developed a group(More)
Seprase or Fibroblast Activation Protein (FAP) is an integral membrane serine peptidase, which has been shown to have gelatinase activity. Seprase has a dual function in tumour progression. The proteolytic activity of Seprase has been shown to promote cell invasiveness towards the ECM and also to support tumour growth and proliferation. Seprase appears to(More)
In this paper we report the presence of a particulate pyroglutamate aminopeptidase in guinea-pig brain tissue. This activity appears to reside in the synaptosomal membrane and could be released from the membrane by treatment with papain or Triton X-100. By contrast with a previously described broad-specificity soluble pyroglutamate aminopeptidase from(More)
In this article, the enzymes of brain and associated tissues that can degrade thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) and luteinising hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) are reviewed. As both TRH and LH-RH are considered to act as neurotransmitters or neuromodulators in the CNS, attention is paid to the subcellular location of the enzymes described and how their(More)
Pyroglutamyl peptidase can be classified as an omega peptidase which hydrolytically removes the amino terminal pyroglutamate (pGlu) residue from specific pyroglutamyl substrates. To date, three distinct forms of this enzyme have been identified in mammalian tissues. Type I is typically a cytosolic, cysteine peptidase displaying a broad pyroglutamyl(More)
Ion-exchange chromatography (IEC) allows for the separation of ionizable molecules on the basis of differences in charge properties. Its large sample-handling capacity, broad applicability (particularly to proteins and enzymes), moderate cost, powerful resolving ability, and ease of scale-up and automation have led to it becoming one of the most versatile(More)
Prolyl endopeptidase, which has long been recognised for its importance in the degradation of several neuropeptides such as thyroliberin, luteinising hormone releasing hormone, angiotensin, substance P and neurotensin, has been widely characterised as a cytosolic enzyme. However, in this paper, we report the presence of a prolyl endopeptidase activity in(More)
Breast-conserving surgery (BCS) without adequate margin clearance carries a high risk of local recurrence. We introduced cavity shaving at primary surgery 31 months ago, to assess tumor margin involvement. The aim of this study was to determine how cavity shaving affects the re-excision rate. We compared a group of 394 patients who underwent BCS with cavity(More)
Pyroglutamyl aminopeptidase type-1 (PAP-I) is reported to be a soluble, broad specificity aminopeptidase, capable of removing the pyroglutamic acid (pGlu) residue from the amino terminus of pGlu-peptides (e.g. TRH, LHRH, neurotensin and bombesin). The central aim of this study was to undertake, for the first time, the complete purification and(More)
The mammalian heme peroxidases (MHPs) are a medically important group of enzymes. Included in this group are myeloperoxidase, eosinophil peroxidase, lactoperoxidase, and thyroid peroxidase. These enzymes are associated with such diverse diseases as asthma, Alzheimer's disease and inflammatory vascular disease. Despite much effort to elucidate a clearer(More)