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Syntheses of several carbamate analogues of 2, 5-bis(4-amidinophenyl)furan (1) under mild conditions and their evaluation as prodrugs against Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in an immunosuppressed rat model are described. Thus, nine new bis-carbamates: methoxycarbonyl (2), 2,2,2-trichloroethoxycarbonyl (3), ethylthiocarbonyl (4), benzyloxycarbonyl (5),(More)
PURPOSE Interpatient variability in the pharmacokinetics (PK) of cytarabine, etoposide, and daunorubicin following body surface area-adjusted doses calls for studies that point to other covariates to explain this variability. The purpose of this study was to investigate such relationships and give insights into the PK of this combination treatment. (More)
Aromatic dicationic compounds, such as pentamidine, have potent antimicrobial activities. Clinical use of these compounds has been restricted, however, by their toxicity and limited oral activity. A novel approach, using amidoxime derivatives as prodrugs, has recently been proposed to overcome these limitations. Although results were presented for amidoxime(More)
PURPOSE Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is an antibody-drug conjugate in the development for the treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive cancers. Thrombocytopenia (TCP) is the dose-limiting toxicity of T-DM1. A semimechanistic population pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) model was developed to characterize the effect of T-DM1 on(More)
Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is an antibody–drug conjugate (ADC) therapeutic for treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive cancers. The T-DM1 dose product contains a mixture of drug-to-antibody ratio (DAR) moieties whereby the small molecule DM1 is chemically conjugated to trastuzumab antibody. The pharmacokinetics (PK)(More)
In oncology trials, overall survival (OS) is considered the most reliable and preferred endpoint to evaluate the benefit of drug treatment. Other relevant variables are also collected from patients for a given drug and its indication, and it is important to characterize the dynamic effects and links between these variables in order to improve the speed and(More)
Dicationic 2,4-bis(4-amidinophenyl)furans 5-10 and 2, 4-bis(4-amidinophenyl)-3,5-dimethylfurans 14 and 15 have been synthesized. Thermal melting studies revealed high binding affinity of the compounds to poly(dA-dT) and to the duplex oligomer d(CGCGAATTCGCG)2. All of the new compounds were effective against Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in the(More)
A synthesis of 2,4-bis-(4-amidinophenyl)pyrimidine 6, 2,4-bis-[(4-imidazolin-2-yl)phenyl)]pyrimidine 7, 2,4-bis [(4-tetrahydropyrimidinyl-2-yl)phenyl]pyrimidine 8, 2,4-bis[(4-N-n-propylamidino)phenyl]pyrimidine 9, 2,4-bis[(4-N-isopropylamidino)-phenyl]pyrimidine 10 and 2,4-bis[(4-N-isobutylamidino)phenyl]pyrimidine 11 starting from 4-bromobenzamidine and(More)
Dicationic carbazoles have been found to be highly active against a rat model of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). Unfortunately, amidoxime derivatives, designed as prodrugs, were inactive against PCP even though the corresponding amidines were highly active. In the present work, a series of 2,8- and 3,7-bis cationic dibenzothiophenes was synthesized(More)
PURPOSE We characterized the pharmacokinetics of onartuzumab (MetMAb) in animals and determined a concentration-effect relationship in tumor-bearing mice to enable estimation of clinical pharmacokinetics and target doses. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A tumor growth inhibition model was used to estimate tumoristatic concentrations (TSC) in mice. Human(More)