Brendan A S McIntyre

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Mutations in the glomulin gene result in dominantly inherited vascular lesions of the skin known as glomuvenous malformations (GVMs). These lesions are histologically distinguished by their distended vein-like channels containing characteristic 'glomus cells', which appear to be incompletely or improperly differentiated vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs).(More)
Endoglin is a TGF-beta superfamily receptor critical for endothelial cell function. Mutations in this gene are associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia type I (HHT1), and clinical signs of disease are generally more evident later in life. We previously showed that systemic vessels of adult Eng heterozygous (Eng(+/-)) mice exhibit increased(More)
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is a regulator of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity. Deficient levels result in eNOS uncoupling, with a shift from nitric oxide to superoxide generation. The hph-1 mutant mouse has deficient GTP cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH1) activity, resulting in low BH4 tissue content. The adult hph-1 mouse has pulmonary hypertension,(More)
OBJECTIVE Loss-of-function mutations in genes coding for transforming growth factor-beta/bone morphogenetic protein receptors and changes in nitric oxide(*) (NO(*)) bioavailability are associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and some forms of pulmonary arterial hypertension. How these abnormalities lead to seemingly disparate pulmonary(More)
AIMS Mutations in the ALK1 gene, coding for an endothelial-specific receptor of the transforming growth factor-β superfamily, are the underlying cause of hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia type 2, but are also associated with familial pulmonary hypertension (PH). We assessed the lung vasculature of mice with a heterozygous deletion of Alk1 (Alk1(+/-))(More)
New propionic acid derivatives are claimed to induce a lower incidence of gastrointestinal bleeding and hemostatic disturbance than older anti-inflammatory analgesics such as aspirin. One of these (ibuprofen, Motrin) was given (600 mg orally) to normal subjects and hemophiliac subjects on a random, double-blind basis (lactose placebo). Platelet(More)
Evidence implicates oxidative stress as playing a prominent role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension, to which peroxynitrite anion (ONOO(-)) may make a major contribution. Hypothesizing that removal of ONOO(-) would attenuate chronic neonatal pulmonary hypertension, we examined the effects of a ONOO(-) decomposition catalyst (FeTPPS) on pulmonary(More)
Twenty-four young male divers were assigned randomly to 4 treatment groups: Group I received aspirin (325 mg) three times daily; II received dipyridamole (75 mg) three times daily; III received both drug regimens; and IV received matching placebo. Double-blind procedures were followed. Treatment began 24 h prior to a 48-h saturation dive (inclusive of 17 h(More)
Inherited vascular malformations are commonly autosomal dominantly inherited with high, but incomplete, penetrance; they often present as multiple lesions. We hypothesized that Knudson's two-hit model could explain this multifocality and partial penetrance. We performed a systematic analysis of inherited glomuvenous malformations (GVMs) by using multiple(More)
The factors controlling the pulmonary vascular resistance under physiological conditions are poorly understood. We have previously reported on an apparent cross talk between the airway and adjacent pulmonary arterial bed where a factor likely derived from the bronchial epithelial cells reduced the magnitude of agonist-stimulated force in the vascular smooth(More)