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OBJECTIVE To describe and compare the clinical impacts of neurocysticercosis (NC) caused by Taenia solium in humans and pigs. METHODS Comparative study of the brains of 16 asymptomatic pigs and 35 human NC cases (15 asymptomatic and 20 symptomatic). RESULTS In humans, cysticerci were more frequently located in the ventricles and subarachnoid space at(More)
BACKGROUND Human neurocysticercosis (NC) is caused by Taenia solium larvae lodged in the central nervous system. NC is clinically heterogeneous, ranging from asymptomatic infection to severely incapacitating and even fatal presentations. Although NC affects adults and children, age-related factors have not been thoroughly studied. METHODS We describe and(More)
Human neurocysticercosis (NC) is caused by Taenia solium larvae lodged in the central nervous system. This disease is usually diagnosed by radiology but the results are not always clear-cut and so immunological assays are often also used. A semi-nested PCR, based on the non-coding HDP2 sequence of T. saginata, has now been developed for detecting DNA from(More)
Neurocysticercosis (NC) is caused by the establishment of Taenia solium cysticerci in the central nervous system. Previous studies have established that neuroinflammation plays a key role in the severity of the disease. However, the relationship between peripheral and local immune response remains inconclusive. This work studies the peripheral and local(More)
The distribution of single cysticerci between cerebral hemispheres was studied in 227 adult cases of calcified and vesicular neurocysticercosis (NC). A rightward lateralization of calcified cysticerci was significant only in women, whereas vesicular cysticerci were equally distributed in both hemispheres. Factors related with the differences in the(More)
Neurocysticercosis (NC) is a parasitic disease caused by the infiltration of the larval stage of Taenia solium in the central nervous system. Clinical presentations are heterogeneous and particularly depend, on the age and gender of the host. We designed a clinical study to evaluate the hormonal changes associated with neurocysticercosis and the(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) is still a common infectious disease in developing countries, but it is also re-emerging in industrialized nations due to the HIV/AIDS pandemic. In addition to bacillary virulence, the host immune response plays a major role in the development of an active disease (either as a primary infection or reactivation) and in controlling the(More)
Regulatory T cells participate in several immune responses including autoimmune reactions inducing self-tolerance, tumor immunity, transplantation tolerance and microbial infection. Nevertheless regulatory T cells actions seem to be different when they are in the central nervous system (CNS), since they interact with resident cells of the CNS, according to(More)