Brenda Russell

Learn More
1. Skeletal muscle is a major source of circulating insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1), particularly during exercise. It expresses two main isoforms. One of the muscle IGF-1 isoforms (muscle L.IGF-1) is similar to the main liver IGF-1 and presumably has an endocrine action. The other muscle isoform as a result of alternative splicing has a different 3' exon(More)
MyoD, a master regulator of myogenesis, exhibits a circadian rhythm in its mRNA and protein levels, suggesting a possible role in the daily maintenance of muscle phenotype and function. We report that MyoD is a direct target of the circadian transcriptional activators CLOCK and BMAL1, which bind in a rhythmic manner to the core enhancer of the MyoD(More)
Prolonged hemodynamic overload results in cardiac hypertrophy and failure with detrimental changes in myocardial gene expression and morphology. Cysteine-rich protein 3 or muscle LIM protein (MLP) is thought to be a mechanosensor in cardiac myocytes. Therefore, the subcellular location of MLP may have functional implications in health and disease. Our(More)
Myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs) induce differentiation in developing muscle. We examined the role of MRFs in the repair of adult muscle using a model of stretch-induced injury in 5-wk-old chickens. The anterior latissimus dorsi muscle was stretched by loading the wing with 10% of body weight, while the contralateral muscle served as a control. At various(More)
We studied the possible role of specific muscle regulatory factors (MRF) in the adaptive response to changes in contractile activity in mature skeletal muscle. The tibialis anterior muscle of anesthetized female rats was subjected to low-frequency stimulation, static stretch, or a combination of both. Message levels of MRF were observed after 2 h of(More)
The intracellular distribution of mRNA in striated muscle fibers is highly ordered, as is the structural organization of the fibers' contractile apparatus. Results from in situ hybridization of muscle mRNA are reviewed in an attempt to discern the mechanisms involved in mRNA distribution and to determine its relationship to developmental, growth, and repair(More)
We have altered the spontaneous contractile activity of neonatal cardiac myocytes in culture to investigate the re-lationship between mechanical forces, myofibril assembly, and the localization and translation of (alpha)-myosin heavy chain mRNA. Immunofluorescence and in situ hybridization techniques revealed that contracting myocytes display well aligned(More)
CSRP3 or muscle LIM protein (MLP) is a nucleocytoplasmic shuttling protein and a mechanosensor in cardiac myocytes. MLP regulation and function was studied in cultured neonatal rat myocytes treated with pharmacological or mechanical stimuli. Either verapamil or BDM decreased nuclear MLP while phenylephrine and cyclic strain increased it. These results(More)
One of the unanswered questions in muscle hypertrophy is how new contractile units are inserted into a stable existing cytoskeletal meshwork. Regulation of actin capping by CapZ may play a role in remodeling processes, therefore, CapZ dynamics are determined during rapid growth of cardiac cells in vitro. Neonatal rat ventricular myocytes were infected with(More)
In some cell types, microtubules are used for transport of mRNA through the cytoplasm to the translation site. The number of microtubules increases during growth of cardiac myocytes, suggesting a functional role exists. Here, we test the need for microtubules to transport alpha-myosin heavy chain (alpha-MyHC) mRNA through the cytoplasm of neonatal cardiac(More)