Brenda P Alston-Mills

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OBJECTIVES Insulin resistance in diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) can result from membrane lipid alterations. Blacks are at a higher risk of developing DM2; therefore, we investigated whether membrane lipid differences exist between blacks and whites and if differences contribute to impaired insulin binding in diabetes. METHODS Subjects were recruited from(More)
We previously showed that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) such as sulindac sulfide, which has chemopreventive activity, modulate the expression of several genes detected by microarray analysis. Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) was selected for further study because it is a transcription factor involved in cell proliferation, apoptosis,(More)
A flow cytometric procedure was evaluated to measure the oxidative burst activity (hydrogen peroxide formation) of bovine neutrophils. The method involves measuring the oxidation of intracellular dichlorofluorescein to fluorescent dichlorofluorescein (DCF). Phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) was used to perturb the neutrophil plasma membrane. The sources of(More)
A critical step in estrogen action is the recognition of estrogen responsive elements (EREs) by liganded estrogen receptor. Our current studies were designed to determine whether an extended estrogen response element half-site (ERRE) contributes to the differential estrogen responses of the human and mouse lactoferrin overlapping chicken ovalbumin upstream(More)
Production of antibodies against peptides or poorly antigenic proteins by conventional methods often requires either large quantities of the native immunogen or some chemical modification to increase their antigenicity. In this study an in vivo and in vitro immunization protocol has been used to generate monoclonal antibodies against the decapeptide(More)
Cox-1 and Cox-2 specific inhibitors exert chemo-preventative activity. However, the exact mechanisms for this activity remain unclear. Increasing evidence suggests that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs regulate gene expression, which may be responsible, in part, for this activity. In this study, human colorectal carcinoma HCT-116 cells were treated(More)
Only a small proportion of DMBA-induced rat mammary tumors are transplantable in cleared (gland-free) mammary fat pads. To enhance their transplantability, several host factors were modified: age, parity, hormone levels, and tissue integrity of the fat pad. Our 2 important findings were that (1) there were individual differences between the tumors in their(More)
Previously, our laboratory identified activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) as up-regulated by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs using microarray analysis of mRNA from human colorectal cancer cells treated with sulindac sulfide. ATF3 is a transcription factor involved in cell growth, apoptosis, and invasion and is induced by a variety of anticancer(More)
Transplants from eight primary tumors induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene were placed into gland-free and gland-containing inguinal mammary fat pads of syngeneic female hosts. Samples were transplanted as 1 mm3 fragments or as cell suspensions of enzymatically dissociated tumors averaging 1.5 X 10(5) cells/ml. Similar differential growth patterns(More)
Because of low energy reserves at birth, piglets are dependent on the sow’s milk for survival. Breed differences can influence milk composition. The objective of this study was to examine litter characteristics, milk composition including calcium and the water holding capacity of casein, solvation, between the highly prolific Meishan breed and lean(More)