Brenda M. Davy

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The significant burden of overweight and obesity on our society necessitates the development of lifestyle strategies that facilitate successful long-term body weight management. Recently, the discovery of novel cellular modulators of the brain-gut axis have generated much interest in possible therapeutic manipulation of these and other hormones that(More)
Young adults attending college are more vulnerable to weight gain than the general population. We sought to identify health behavior change targets related to weight management in college students. Based on the Social Cognitive Theory model for health behavior change, we investigated the health-related lifestyle behaviors and physiological characteristics(More)
INTRODUCTION Energy-containing beverages, specifically sugar-sweetened beverages, may contribute to weight gain and obesity development. Yet, no rapid assessment tools are available which quantify habitual beverage intake (grams, energy) in adults. OBJECTIVE Determine the factorial validity of a newly developed beverage intake questionnaire (BEVQ) and(More)
BACKGROUND Energy intake (EI) regulation is impaired in older adults, but it is not known if habitual physical activity affects accuracy of EI regulation in older compared with young adults. OBJECTIVE We hypothesized that the ability to compensate for a high-energy yogurt preload beverage at a subsequent ad libitum meal (i.e. acute compensation) and over(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the consumption of water 30 minutes before an ad libitum meal reduces meal energy intake in young and older adults. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Healthy, non-obese young (n = 29; age, 21 to 35 years) and older (n = 21; age, 60 to 80 years) individuals were provided with an ad libitum lunch meal on two occasions. Thirty(More)
BACKGROUND Although health literacy has been a public health priority area for more than a decade, the relationship between health literacy and dietary quality has not been thoroughly explored. OBJECTIVE To evaluate health literacy skills in relation to Healthy Eating Index (HEI) scores and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption while accounting for(More)
Thirteen physically active, eumenorrheic, normal-weight (BMI < 25 kg/m2) females, aged 18-30 years, completed 4 experimental conditions, with the order based on a Latin Square Design: (a). CHO/Ex: moderate-intensity exercise (65% VO2peak) with a net energy cost of approximately 500 kcals, during which time the subject consumed a carbohydrate beverage (45 g(More)
Sports that emphasize low body weight for optimal performance, such as ballet, are associated with an increased prevalence of the female athlete triad (FT). Previous research in this area that involves dancers has been limited; the majority of studies have been performed on adolescents training in classical ballet, and not professional adult dancers. The(More)
BACKGROUND Few school-based interventions have been evaluated to assess health awareness among children in rural southern areas. The purpose of this controlled investigation was to increase health awareness among middle school-aged children residing in a racially diverse rural community in Mississippi. METHODS This investigation assessed health knowledge(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Beverage recommendations exist, but few evaluate overall beverage intake quality. Our objective was to develop a scoring algorithm for assessing beverage intake quality among US adults (aged ≥19 years), and to examine the association between overall beverage quality and cardiometabolic risk. DESIGN We developed a scoring(More)