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BACKGROUND Surface and ground water across the world, including North America, is contaminated with bacteria resistant to antibiotics. The consumption of water contaminated with antimicrobial resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli) has been associated with the carriage of resistant E. coli in people who drink it. OBJECTIVES To describe the proportion of(More)
BACKGROUND MRSA remains a leading cause of hospital-acquired (HAP) and healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP). We describe the epidemiology and outcome of MRSA pneumonia in Canadian hospitals, and identify factors contributing to mortality. METHODS Prospective surveillance for MRSA pneumonia in adults was done for one year (2011) in 11 Canadian hospitals.(More)
UNLABELLED Vaccinating healthcare workers against influenza takes tens of thousands of hours of work annually. This study was undertaken to determine the acceptability, success rate, and time to vaccinate healthcare workers in nurse-led groups that self-vaccinated with intradermal influenza vaccine compared with nurse-administered intramuscular vaccine. (More)
PURPOSE Infant age at introduction of solid foods was examined, as were maternal characteristics associated with adherence to recommendations. METHODS In a telephone survey, 2153 mothers living in Ontario were asked questions about the age at which foods were introduced to their infants. RESULTS Eighteen percent of respondents introduced infant cereal(More)
BACKGROUND The gold standard for respiratory virus testing is a nasopharyngeal (NP) swab, which is collected by a healthcare worker. Midturbinate (MT) swabs are an alternative due to their ease of collection and possible self-collection by patients. The objective of this study was to compare the respiratory virus isolation of flocked MT swabs compared to(More)
BACKGROUND Working in healthcare is often considered a risk factor for influenza; however, this risk has not been quantified. We aimed to systematically review evidence describing the annual incidence of influenza among healthy adults and healthcare workers (HCWs). METHODS AND FINDINGS We searched OVID MEDLINE (1950 to 2010), EMBASE (1947 to 2010) and(More)
To determine whether drinking water contaminated with antimicrobial-resistant E. coli is associated with the carriage of resistant E. coli, selected households sending water samples to Ontario and Alberta laboratories in 2005-2006 were asked to participate in a cross-sectional study. Household members aged ≥12 years were asked to complete a questionnaire(More)
BACKGROUND Fewer Canadian seniors are vaccinated against pneumococcal disease than receive the influenza vaccine annually. Improved understanding of factors influencing pneumococcal vaccination among older adults is needed to improve vaccine uptake. METHODS A self-administered survey measuring knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours about(More)
BACKGROUND Data regarding both rates of acute respiratory illness in health care workers and experience with long-term antiviral prophylaxis are sparse. OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy and tolerability of oseltamivir prophylaxis versus seasonal influenza vaccine for the prevention of influenza among health care workers. METHODS We conducted a pilot,(More)
BACKGROUND We undertook a 2X2 factorial, randomized controlled trial (RCT) to assess whether vitamin D3 supplementation (10,000 international units per week) versus placebo and gargling versus no gargling could prevent viral, clinical upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) in university students. METHODS We randomized 600 students into 4 treatment arms:(More)