Brenda Kearns

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To identify potential Sec4 effectors, we isolated high copy suppressors of a Sec4 effector domain mutant. The most potent of these was found to be SEC9, a gene required for post-Golgi transport. The sole essential domain of Sec9 has significant sequence similarity to the neuronal protein SNAP-25, a component of the SNARE complex, that is implicated in(More)
The yeast phosphatidylinositol transfer protein (Sec14p) is required for biogenesis of Golgi-derived transport vesicles and cell viability, and this essential Sec14p requirement is abrogated by inactivation of the CDP-choline pathway for phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis. These findings indicate that Sec14p functions to alleviate a CDP-choline(More)
The Saccharomyces cerevisiae SAC1 gene was identified via independent analyses of mutations that modulate yeast actin function and alleviate the essential requirement for phosphatidylinositol transfer protein (Sec14p) activity in Golgi secretory function. The SAC1 gene product (Sac1p) is an integral membrane protein of the endoplasmic reticulum and the(More)
Phosphatidylinositol transfer proteins (PITPs) have historically been thought to help execute lipid-sorting events by transporting phospholipid monomers between membrane bilayers. Recent data, however, indicate unanticipated roles for PITPs in the coordination and/or coupling of phospholipid metabolism with vesicle trafficking and the downregulation of(More)
Receptor-activated phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinases produce PtdIns(3, 4,5)P(3) and its metabolite PtdIns(3,4)P(2) that function as second messengers in membrane recruitment and activation of target proteins. The cytohesin and centaurin protein families are potential targets for PtdIns(3,4,5)P(3) that also regulate and interact with Arf GTPases. Consequently,(More)
Analysis of microsomal ATP transport in yeast resulted in the identification of Sac1p as an important factor in efficient ATP uptake into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen. Yet it remained unclear whether Sac1p is the authentic transporter in this reaction. Sac1p shows no homology to other known solute transporters but displays similarity to the(More)
Yeast phosphatidylinositol transfer protein (Sec14p) is required for the production of secretory vesicles from the Golgi. This requirement can be relieved by inactivation of the cytosine 5'-diphosphate (CDP)-choline pathway for phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis, indicating that Sec14p is an essential component of a regulatory pathway linking phospholipid(More)
Monitoring cell growth is crucial to the success of an animal cell culture process that can be accomplished by a variety of direct or indirect methodologies. Glucose is a major carbon and energy source for cultured mammalian cells in most cases, but glycolytic metabolism often results in the accumulation of lactate. Glucose and lactate levels are therefore(More)
SacIp dysfunction results in bypass of the requirement for phosphatidylinositol transfer protein (Sec14p) function in yeast Golgi processes. This effect is accompanied by alterations in inositol phospholipid metabolism and inositol auxotrophy. Elucidation of how sac1 mutants effect "bypass Sec14p" will provide insights into Sec14p function in vivo. We now(More)
The BSD2-1 allele renders Saccharomyces cerevisiae independent of its normally essential requirement for phosphatidylinositol transfer protein (Sec14p) in the stimulation of Golgi secretory function and cell viability. We now report that BSD2-1 yeast mutants also exhibit yet another phenotype, an inositol auxotrophy. We demonstrate that the basis for this(More)