Brenda J. Hoffman

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BACKGROUND Barrett's esophagus, a condition of intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus, is associated with an increased risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma. We assessed whether endoscopic radiofrequency ablation could eradicate dysplastic Barrett's esophagus and decrease the rate of neoplastic progression. METHODS In a multicenter, sham-controlled trial, we(More)
CONTEXT Conventional colonoscopy is the best available method for detection of colorectal cancer; however, it is invasive and not without risk. Computed tomographic colonography (CTC), also known as virtual colonoscopy, has been reported to be reasonably accurate in the diagnosis of colorectal neoplasia in studies performed at expert centers. OBJECTIVE To(More)
BACKGROUND EUS-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is a highly accurate method of detecting malignant lymphadenopathy. The optimal methods for performing EUS-FNA to maximize sensitivity and to minimize the number of needle passes necessary are unknown. This is a report of the results of a prospective randomized controlled trial to determine the effect(More)
BACKGROUND Our aim was to verify endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) accuracy to diagnose, rule out, and establish the severity of chronic pancreatitis found by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). METHODS Patients undergoing ERCP for unexplained abdominal pain and/or suspected chronic pancreatitis underwent EUS. EUS was performed by experienced(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNA) is a recent innovation in the evaluation of gastrointestinal and pulmonary malignancies. AIMS To review the experience with EUS-FNA of a large single centre. METHODS 333 consecutive patients underwent EUS-FNA. Follow up data were available on 327 lesions in 317 patients,(More)
BACKGROUND The ability to identify common bile duct stones by noninvasive means in patients with acute biliary pancreatitis is limited. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the ability of endosonography (EUS) to identify cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis and predict disease severity in patients with nonalcoholic pancreatitis. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND This study compares the health care costs and effectiveness of multiple staging options for patients with esophageal cancer. Techniques studied included computed tomographic (CT) scan, endoscopic ultrasound with fine-needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNA), positron emission tomography (PET), thoracoscopy/laparoscopy, and combinations of these. (More)
BACKGROUND White light endoscopy with random biopsies is the standard for detection of intestinal metaplasia (IM) and neoplasia in patients with Barrett's oesophagus (BO). Narrow band imaging (NBI) highlights surface patterns that correlate with IM and neoplasia in BO. OBJECTIVE To compare high-definition white light (HD-WLE) and NBI for detection of IM(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) with fine-needle aspiration identifies patients with esophageal cancer who are unlikely to be cured by surgery. In approximately 30% of patients the staging procedure cannot be completed without dilation of an obstructing tumor. METHODS All EUS examinations for esophageal cancer requiring dilation from July 1995(More)