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The bovine papillomavirus E5 transforming protein appears to activate both the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) and the platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGF-R) by a ligand-independent mechanism. To further investigate the ability of E5 to activate receptors of different classes and to determine whether this stimulation occurs through the(More)
In preclinical models, the histone deacetylase inhibitor vorinostat sensitizes breast cancer cells to tubulin-polymerizing agents and to anti-vascular endothelial growth factor-directed therapies. We sought to determine the safety and efficacy of vorinostat plus paclitaxel and bevacizumab as first-line therapy in metastatic breast cancer (MBC), and the(More)
Group A streptococcal (GAS) infection induces the production of Abs that cross-react with host neuronal proteins, and these anti-GAS mimetic Abs are associated with autoimmune diseases of the CNS. However, the mechanisms that allow these Abs to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and induce neuropathology remain unresolved. We have previously shown that GAS(More)
The neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) gene responsible for von Recklinghausen neurofibromatosis is related to regulators of ras proteins, and a portion of NF1 that is homologous to the ras GTPase-activating protein (GAP) encodes a similar GTPase-stimulating activity. We have raised rabbit antisera to a bacterially synthesized 48-kDa peptide corresponding to(More)
A collection of cell lines expressing each human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) family member alone or in all pairwise combinations in a clone of NIH3T3 cells (3T3-7d) devoid of detectable epidermal growth factor receptor family members has been generated. Transformation, as measured by growth in soft agar, occurred only in the presence of(More)
Members of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) family of tyrosine kinase receptors are involved in the regulation of cell growth and differentiation, and are found to be expressed in many types of cancers. Activation of these receptors can be elicited by multiple ligands, resulting in the formation of a spectrum of heterodimer complexes and a number of(More)
The Notch ligand, JAG1 is associated with breast cancer recurrence. Herein, we report on a genomics approach to elucidate mechanisms downstream of JAG1 that promote breast cancer growth. In a survey of 46 breast cancer cell lines, we found that triple negative (TN; basal and mesenchymal ER-, PR-, and Her2-negative) lines express JAG1 at significantly higher(More)
Aberrant activation of the Notch receptor signaling pathway and overexpression of the Notch ligand JAG1 are associated with poor outcome in breast cancer. The plasminogen activator system, which includes urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), has been validated as a marker of recurrence, high metastasis risk and death in breast malignancy. By using(More)
Background To determine the recommended phase II dose (RP2D) and assess the safety, pharmacokinetics (PKs) and pharmacodynamics of RO4929097in combination with temsirolimus. Methods Escalating doses of RO4929097 and temsirolimus were administered at three dose levels. Patients received once daily oral RO4929097 on a 3 days on/4 days off schedule every week,(More)
Betacellulin (BTC) is a member of the EGF ligand family that directly binds to both EGFR and HER4 and induces the growth of certain epithelial cell types. Fusion proteins composed of the terminal 48 or 50 amino acids of mature betacellulin and a binding defective form of Pseudomonas exotoxin (BTC-TX48 and BTC-TX50, respectively), have been produced.(More)