Learn More
The effects of the dietary antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on alcoholic liver damage were examined in a total enteral nutrition (TEN) model of ethanol toxicity in which liver pathology occurs in the absence of endotoxemia. Ethanol treatment resulted in steatosis, inflammatory infiltrates, occasional foci of necrosis, and elevated ALT in the absence of(More)
The differentiating agent and histone deacetylase inhibitor, sodium butyrate (NaB), was shown previously to cause a transient, 3-17-fold induction of human DNA topoisomerase II alpha (topo II alpha) gene promoter activity and a 2-fold increase in topo II alpha protein early in monocytic differentiation of HL-60 cells. This observation has now been extended(More)
Obesity has reached epidemic proportions worldwide and reports estimate that American children consume up to 25% of calories from snacks. Several animal models of obesity exist, but studies are lacking that compare high-fat diets (HFD) traditionally used in rodent models of diet-induced obesity (DIO) to diets consisting of food regularly consumed by humans,(More)
A proteomic approach was applied to liver cytosol from rats fed a diet consisting of high fat and ethanol to identify 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE)-modified proteins in vivo. Cytosolic Hsp72, the inducible variant of the Hsp70 heat shock protein family, was consistently among the proteins modified by 4-HNE. Despite 1.3-fold induction of Hsp72 in the livers of(More)
Obesity has reached epidemic proportions worldwide. Several animal models of obesity exist, but studies are lacking that compare traditional lard-based high fat diets (HFD) to "Cafeteria diets" (CAF) consisting of nutrient poor human junk food. Our previous work demonstrated the rapid and severe obesogenic and inflammatory consequences of CAF compared to(More)
We conducted a preoperative window study of metformin in endometrial cancer (EC) patients and evaluated its antiproliferative, molecular and metabolic effects. Twenty obese women with endometrioid EC were treated with metformin (850 mg) daily for up to 4 weeks prior to surgical staging. Expression of the proliferation marker Ki-67, estrogen receptor (ER),(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen is the leading etiologic factor for endometrial cancer. Estrogen-induced proliferation of endometrial epithelial cells normally requires paracrine growth factors produced by stromal cells. Epidemiologic evidence indicates that dietary soy prevents endometrial cancer, and implicates the phytoestrogen genistein in this effect. However,(More)
4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE) is a major lipid peroxidation (LPO) product formed during oxidative stress. 4-HNE is highly reactive toward cellular nucleophiles and is implicated in the evolution of numerous pathologies associated with oxidative stress and LPO. Recent evidence suggests that chronic prooxidant exposure results in the loss of extracellular(More)
OBJECTIVE A novel approach to regulate obesity-associated adipose inflammation may be through metabolic reprogramming of macrophages (MΦs). Broadly speaking, MΦs dependent on glucose are pro-inflammatory, classically activated MΦs (CAM), which contribute to adipose inflammation and insulin resistance. In contrast, MΦs that primarily metabolize fatty acids(More)
Modulation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK-1/2), a signaling pathway directly associated with cell proliferation, survival, and homeostasis, has been implicated in several pathologies, including alcoholic liver disease. However, the underlying mechanism of ethanol-induced ERK-1/2 modulation remains unknown. This investigation explored the(More)