Branko S. Jursic

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Efficient synthetic procedures for the preparation of acid hydrazines and hydrazides were developed by converting the corresponding carboxylic acid into the methyl ester catalyzed by Amberlyst-15, followed by a reaction with hydrazine monohydrate. Sulfohydrazides were prepared from the corresponding sulfonyl chlorides and hydrazine monohydrate. Both of(More)
Hybrid polar compounds, of which hexamethylenebisacetamide (HMBA) is the prototype, are potent inducers of differentiation of murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells and a wide variety of other transformed cells. HMBA has been shown to induce differentiation of neoplastic cells in patients, but is not an adequate therapeutic agent because of dose-limiting(More)
Bishydroxamic acids are effective inducers of differentiation in murine erythroleukemia cells. Flexible analogs of suberic acid bisdimethylamide are approximately 100 times as active as the parent compound or hexamethylenebisacetamide. They also induce differentiation of human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60) and a subclone of human colon carcinoma(More)
The structure of the anticancer agent 4,4'-dihydroxybenzophenone-2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone (A-007) has been modified through SAR and by incorporating barbituric acid, pyridine, quinoline, and alkylcarboxylic acids into A-007's moieties. Analogue anticancer activity and interacting with CD surface markers on a T-cell leukemia cell line were evaluated and(More)
We have conducted an examination (using density functional theory) of possible transition states that could lead to HNO3 from peroxynitrous acid (HOONO) and one or two water molecules. We find no transition states with free energies in the range of 20 kcal/mol, i.e., near the experimental value in solution. The implications for the mechanism of conversion(More)
A synthetic procedure for the preparation of the unusual charge-separated pyridinium barbiturate zwitterion 2 from 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid and 2-pyridinecarbaldehyde in methanol was developed. The structure of the compound was confirmed with X-ray analysis to demonstrate the strong charge separation throughout the molecule. One would expect that this(More)
Six structural motifs based on the initial (lead) structure of merbarone were designed, prepared, and tested against the glioblastoma LN-229 cell line. Three different structural moieties were modified in the search for optimal glioblastoma activity: the 1,3-diazinane moiety, the aryl moiety, and the heteroatom linker. Calculated molecular descriptors such(More)
The azole antifungals block ergosterol biosynthesis by inhibiting lanosterol demethylase (Erg11p). The resulting depletion of cellular ergosterol and the accumulation of "toxic" sterol intermediates are both thought to compromise plasma membrane function. However, the effects of ergosterol depletion upon the function of intracellular membranes and(More)
Synthetic modifications of cholesterol and other traditional steroid molecules have become a promising area for the exploration and development of novel antifungal agents, especially with respect to the development of fatty-acid esters of steroids. In addition, 2,3-functionalized steroids are also compounds with potentially interesting biological properties(More)
Opportunistic fungal infections caused by the Candida spp. are the most common human fungal infections, often resulting in severe systemic infections-a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in at-risk populations. Azole antifungals remain the mainstay of antifungal treatment for candidiasis, however development of clinical resistance to azoles by(More)