Branko S. Jursic

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Hybrid polar compounds, of which hexamethylenebisacetamide (HMBA) is the prototype, are potent inducers of differentiation of murine erythroleukemia (MEL) cells and a wide variety of other transformed cells. HMBA has been shown to induce differentiation of neoplastic cells in patients, but is not an adequate therapeutic agent because of dose-limiting(More)
Isophosphoramide mustard (IPM) is the cytotoxic alkylating metabolite of Ifosfamide (IFOS). IPM is being readied for a phase I clinical trial. In the present preclinical study, IPM was evaluated for usage in multidose intravenous (IV) infusion protocols. Mice and dogs received IV IPM daily for 3 days. Single-day dosing—oral and IV—to mice, rats, and monkeys(More)
Efficient synthetic procedures for the preparation of acid hydrazines and hydrazides were developed by converting the corresponding carboxylic acid into the methyl ester catalyzed by Amberlyst-15, followed by a reaction with hydrazine monohydrate. Sulfohydrazides were prepared from the corresponding sulfonyl chlorides and hydrazine monohydrate. Both of(More)
Opportunistic fungal infections caused by the Candida spp. are the most common human fungal infections, often resulting in severe systemic infections-a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in at-risk populations. Azole antifungals remain the mainstay of antifungal treatment for candidiasis, however development of clinical resistance to azoles by(More)
The structure of the anticancer agent 4,4'-dihydroxybenzophenone-2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone (A-007) has been modified through SAR and by incorporating barbituric acid, pyridine, quinoline, and alkylcarboxylic acids into A-007's moieties. Analogue anticancer activity and interacting with CD surface markers on a T-cell leukemia cell line were evaluated and(More)
4,4'-dihydroxybenzophenone-2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone (A-007) has recently completed a phase I clinical trial in advanced cancer with minimal toxicity, and impressive objective responses were noted. A-007 possesses three moieties that appear to have an influence on its anticancer activities: diphenylmethane, hydrazone, and dinitrophenyl. The goals of this(More)
4,4'-Dihydroxybenzophenone-2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone (A-007) formed stable double salts with phenothiazin-5-ium salts (2a-d), which have improved in vitro anticancer activities, as compared to A-007 alone. The stable salt between methylene blue (2a) and A-007 allowed the latter to diffuse into the dermis layers of skin. It is anticipated that these new(More)
Invasive fungal infections pose a significant problem to the immune-compromised. Moreover, increased resistance to common antifungals requires development of novel compounds that can be used to treat invasive fungal infections. Naturally occurring steroidal glycosides have been shown to possess a range of functional antimicrobial properties, but synthetic(More)
A synthetic procedure for the preparation of the unusual charge-separated pyridinium barbiturate zwitterion 2 from 1,3-dimethylbarbituric acid and 2-pyridinecarbaldehyde in methanol was developed. The structure of the compound was confirmed with X-ray analysis to demonstrate the strong charge separation throughout the molecule. One would expect that this(More)