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The purpose of this study was to analyze the excess mortality after hip fracture and to reveal whether, and eventually when, the excess mortality vanished in different groups of age and gender. A population-based, prospective, matched-pair, cohort study among persons 50 years of age and older was conducted involving 1338 female and 487 male hip fracture(More)
OBJECT Rates of complications associated with the surgical treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) are not clear. Appreciating these risks is important for patient counseling and quality improvement. The authors sought to assess the rates of and risk factors associated with perioperative and delayed complications associated with the surgical(More)
BACKGROUND Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is a growth factor known to have in vitro effects on the growth and invasiveness of cancer. It has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in limited doses for single-level anterior spinal arthrodesis, but it is commonly used off-label and at high doses. The effect of rhBMP-2(More)
This study reviewed surgical treatment methods in patients with type II odontoid fracture who were admitted to a level 1 spinal cord injury center during a 20-year period. Of the 186 patients who met inclusion criteria, 75 were treated operatively. The rate of surgical intervention increased during the study period. Length of hospital stay was not related(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective, multicenter cohort study. OBJECTIVE Assess for differences in short- and long-term mortality between operative and nonoperative treatment for elderly patients with type II odontoid fractures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA There is controversy regarding whether operative or nonoperative management is the best treatment for(More)
STUDY DESIGN A retrospective cohort study of operative versus nonoperative treatment of isolated type II odontoid fractures in patients aged 80 years and more without neurologic deficit admitted to a level 1 spinal cord injury center between June 1985 and July 2006. OBJECTIVE To assess the presentation and acute complications of operatively and(More)
BACKGROUND Dens fractures are relatively common in the elderly. The treatment of Type-II dens fractures remains controversial. The aim of this multicenter prospective cohort study was to compare outcomes (assessed with use of validated clinical measures) and complications of nonsurgical and surgical treatment of Type-II dens fractures in patients sixty-five(More)
BACKGROUND Intertrochanteric hip fractures have become more common as the elderly population continues to increase, and surgical stabilisation of these fractures remains a persistent challenge. The purpose of this study was to analyse the ability of a new helical blade device to stabilise intertrochanteric hip fractures, and to further determine which(More)
STUDY DESIGN A prospective observational multicenter study. OBJECTIVE To help solve the debate regarding whether the anterior or posterior surgical approach is optimal for patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA The optimal surgical approach to treat CSM remains debated with varying opinions favoring anterior(More)
BACKGROUND Cervical spondylotic myelopathy is the leading cause of spinal cord dysfunction worldwide. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of surgical decompression on functional, quality-of-life, and disability outcomes at one year after surgery in a large cohort of patients with this condition. METHODS Adult patients with symptomatic(More)