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BACKGROUND Dens fractures are relatively common in the elderly. The treatment of Type-II dens fractures remains controversial. The aim of this multicenter prospective cohort study was to compare outcomes (assessed with use of validated clinical measures) and complications of nonsurgical and surgical treatment of Type-II dens fractures in patients sixty-five(More)
OBJECT Surgical intervention for appropriately selected patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) has demonstrated favorable outcomes. This study evaluates the cost-effectiveness of this type of surgery in terms of cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained. METHODS As part of a larger prospective multicenter study, the direct costs of(More)
OBJECT Rates of complications associated with the surgical treatment of cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) are not clear. Appreciating these risks is important for patient counseling and quality improvement. The authors sought to assess the rates of and risk factors associated with perioperative and delayed complications associated with the surgical(More)
INTRODUCTION Following national recommendations for physical activity, diet, and nonsmoking can reduce both incident and recurrent coronary heart disease. Prevalence data about combinations of behaviors are lacking. This study describes the prevalence of full adherence to national recommendations for physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, and(More)
There is little current understanding of the risk for occurrence of unintentional injury in the home. The authors estimated the incidence of unintentional home injuries for an entire community, adjusting for actual time spent awake in the home and, in addition, analyzed the costs of these injuries. Cases of unintentional home injuries occurring from 1990 to(More)
OBJECTIVES To provide an overview of ski injuries in Norway and to describe the changes between 1990 and 1996. METHODS All ski injuries (7966) treated at four hospitals providing health care to a defined population of about 11% of the Norwegian population were registered prospectively from 1990 to 1996. For this study, 6462 injuries sustained in cross(More)
Study Design. Retrospective, multicenter cohort study. Objective. Assess for differences in short-and long-term mortality between operative and nonoperative treatment for elderly patients with type II odontoid fractures. Summary of Background Data. There is controversy regarding whether operative or nonoperative management is the best treatment for elderly(More)
STUDY DESIGN Multicenter prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE To identify patient and treatment characteristics associated with treatment success or failure in the management of odontoid fractures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Odontoid fractures are the most common cervical spine fractures in the elderly and represent a significant management challenge(More)
INTRODUCTION The objective of this study is to determine the incidence and risk factors of postoperative dysphagia and to evaluate short- and long-term clinical outcomes in patients with this complication. METHODS Four hundred seventy patients undergoing an anterior or a 2-stage surgery were enrolled in the prospective AOSpine CSM-North America or(More)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the treatment of choice for pain control in patients with osteoarthritis (OA). Numerous NSAIDs are available on the market, making a clinical choice difficult. Objective: to review three types of data related to NSAIDs (research results, clinical experience and costs) and thus assist in a clinical(More)