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Adaptive values of plasticity in Iris pumila leaf traits (morphological: SLA, specific leaf area; anatomical: SD, stomatal density; LT, leaf thickness; VBN, vascular bundle number; SW, sclerenchyma width; CW, cuticle width, and physiological: ChlT, total chlorophyll concentration; ChlA/B, chlorophyll a/b ratio) were tested at three irradiance levels in a(More)
Reaction norms were determined in two natural populations of the perennial plantIris pumila from contrasting light conditions at two levels of photosynthetically active radiation (105 and 35 µmol m−2s−1). Seedlings developed from free-pollinated seed families sampled individually from 19 and 12 randomly selected clonal genotypes in an exposed and a shaded(More)
Seasonal variation in heat shock proteins Hsp70 and Hsp90 expression was studied in the leaves of two naturally growing Iris pumila populations, one inhabiting an open dune site, and the other the understorey of a Pinus silvestris stand. The Hsps were quantified by an immunoblotting procedure. The level of the Hsps was found to vary significantly both(More)
High solar radiation has been recognized as one of the main causes of the overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress in plants. To remove the excess of ROS, plants use different antioxidants and tune their activity and/or isoform number as required for given light conditions. In this study, the adaptiveness of light-induced(More)
The variation in the maternal effects on a number of the earlyIris pumila seedling traits expressed under high and low light levels in a growthroom was studied. A reciprocal crossing design was used for the establishment of 20 full-sib families. Each family consisted of two maternal groups differing only in genotype used as a seed parent. Maternal variation(More)
Oxidative stress results from incongruity between the generation of toxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the availability of their scavengers—antioxidants. Although the short-term effects of this phenomenon are attracting much scientific attention, oxidative stress may influence an organism’s metabolism over the long (evolutionary) time scale as well. To(More)
 Plastic responses to photoperiod of Iris pumila leaf phenological traits were investigated in two populations experiencing contrasting light conditions in the dune system at Deliblato Sands (44°48′ N, 38°58′ E; Serbia, Yugoslavia). The population “Dune” occupied an exposed area at the top and slope of a relatively large dune, and the population “Woods” was(More)
Uninuclear microspores in red horse chestnut anther cultures formed pollen embryos and plantlents in MS agar medium supplemented with varying 2,4-D concentrations (1.0, 1.5 or 2.0 mg l-1) and 1.0 mg l-1 Kin. The highest number of embryogenic anthers (38%) was obtained in MS medium containing 1.0 mg l-1 of each 2,4-D and Kin. The ability of pollen embryos to(More)
Tissue-specific variation in Hsp70 and Hsp90 expression was studied in vegetative (leaf) and reproductive organs (floral tube, ovary and stamen) of Iris pumila plants originating from a sun-exposed and a shaded natural population, which experienced similar growth conditions in an experimental garden. Western blot analysis revealed the presence of both the(More)
Variation patterns in phenotypic plasticity and broad sense heritability of 26 characters were examined within and among closely adjacent habitats of the bearded iris,Iris pumila. It was found thatI. pumila has considerable differentiation for phenotypic plasticity and genetic variation over short distances. An analysis of relationships between character(More)
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