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The Fe2+-dependent Fur protein serves as a negative regulator of iron uptake in bacteria. As only metallo-Fur acts as an autogeneous repressor, Fe2+scarcity would direct fur expression when continued supply is not obviously required. We show that in Escherichia coli post-transcriptional regulatory mechanisms ensure that Fur synthesis remains steady in iron(More)
The conserved bacterial RNA chaperone Hfq has been shown to play an important role in post-transcriptional regulation. Here, we demonstrate that Hfq synthesis is autoregulated at the translational level. We have mapped two Hfq binding sites in the 5'-untranslated region of hfq mRNA and show that Hfq binding inhibits formation of the translation initiation(More)
The RNA chaperone Hfq acts as a central player in post-transcriptional gene regulation in several Gram-negative Bacteria, whereas comparatively little is known about its role in Gram-positive Bacteria. Here, we studied the function of Hfq in Bacillus subtilis, and show that it confers a survival advantage. A comparative transcriptome analysis revealed mRNAs(More)
The Escherichia coli Sm-like host factor I (Hfq) is thought to play direct and indirect roles in post-transcriptional regulation by targeting small regulatory RNAs and mRNAs. In this study, we have used proteomics to identify new mRNA targets of Hfq. We have identified 11 candidate proteins, synthesis of which was differentially affected in a hfq-(More)
Previous work has demonstrated that iron-dependent variations in the steady-state concentration and translatability of sodB mRNA are modulated by the small regulatory RNA RyhB, the RNA chaperone Hfq and RNase E. In agreement with the proposed role of RNase E, we found that the decay of sodB mRNA is retarded upon inactivation of RNase E in vivo, and that the(More)
The Escherichia coli RNA chaperone Hfq is involved in riboregulation of target mRNAs by small trans-encoded non-coding (ncRNAs). Previous structural and genetic studies revealed a RNA-binding surface on either site of the Hfq-hexamer, which suggested that one hexamer can bring together two RNAs in a pairwise fashion. The Hfq proteins of different bacteria(More)
A cDNA of a structural gene encoding pyranose 2-oxidase (P2O) from Trametes ochracea strain MB49 was cloned into Escherichia coli strain BL21(DE3) on a multicopy plasmid under the control of the trc promoter. Synthesis of P2O was studied in batch cultures in LB or M9-based mineral medium at 28 degrees C. While there was a low specific activity of P2O in LB(More)
cDNA-encoding pyranose 2-oxidase (P2O) from Trametes pubescens was sequenced and cloned into Escherichia coli strain BL21/DE3 on a multicopy plasmid under the control of trc promoter. The synthesis of P2O was studied in a batch culture in M9-based mineral medium: the enzyme was synthesized constitutively at 28 degrees C in amount corresponding to 8% of the(More)
The hexameric Escherichia coli RNA chaperone Hfq (Hfq(Ec)) is involved in riboregulation of target mRNAs by small trans-encoded RNAs. Hfq proteins of different bacteria comprise an evolutionarily conserved core, whereas the C-terminus is variable in length. Although the structure of the conserved core has been elucidated for several Hfq proteins, no(More)
The ribosome binding site of Escherichia coli rpoS mRNA, encoding the stationary sigma-factor RpoS, is sequestered by an inhibitory stem-loop structure (iss). Translational activation of rpoS mRNA at low temperature and during exponential growth includes Hfq-facilitated duplex formation between rpoS and the small regulatory RNA DsrA as well as a concomitant(More)