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Wireless sensor network applications, similarly to other distributed systems, often require a scalable time synchronization service enabling data consistency and coordination. This paper describes the Flooding Time Synchronization Protocol (FTSP), especially tailored for applications requiring stringent precision on resource limited wireless platforms. The(More)
An ad-hoc wireless sensor network-based system is presented that detects and accurately locates shooters even in urban environments. The system consists of a large number of cheap sensors communicating through an ad-hoc wireless network, thus it is capable of tolerating multiple sensor failures, provides good coverage and high accuracy, and is capable of(More)
We present a novel radio interference based sensor localization method for wireless sensor networks. The technique relies on a pair of nodes emitting radio waves simultaneously at slightly different frequencies. The carrier frequency of the composite signal is between the two frequencies, but has a very low frequency envelope. Neighboring nodes can measure(More)
Location-awareness is an important requirement for many mobile wireless applications today. When GPS is not applicable because of the required precision and/or the resource constraints on the hardware platform, radio interferometric ranging may offer an alternative. In this paper, we present a technique that enables the precise tracking of multiple wireless(More)
In this paper, we address the problem of tracking cooperative mobile nodes in wireless sensor networks. Aiming at a resource efficient solution, we advocate the use of sensors that maintain their location information and rely on the tracking service only when their locations change. In the proposed approach, the tracked node transmits a signal and(More)
Fine-grained geographic localization of nodes is essential for an extensive range of distributed sensor applications. To compute geographic coordinates, localization algorithms commonly use pair-wise distance estimates between nodes. In this technical report we present a noise tolerant acoustic ranging mechanism for wireless sensors that employs digital(More)
Time synchronisation is one of the most important and fundamental middleware services for wireless sensor networks. However, there is an apparent disconnect between existing time synchronisation implementations and the actual needs of current typical sensor network applications. To address this problem, we formulate a set of canonical time synchronisation(More)
Design of current sensor network platforms has favored low power operation at the cost of communication throughput or range, which severely limits support for real-time monitoring applications with high throughput requirements. This letter presents the design of the versatile Opal platform that couples a Cortex M3 MCU with two IEEE 802.15.4 radios for(More)
In this paper, we present a routing scheme that exploits knowledge about the behavior of mobile sinks within a network of data sources to minimize energy consumption and network congestion. For delay-tolerant network applications, we propose to route data not to the sink directly, but to send it instead to a relay node along an announced or predicted path(More)
– The possibility of establishing the chronology of events in a widely distributed network, or even stronger, the clock synchronization of all nodes in the network is often needed for applications of wireless sensor networks (WSN). In this paper we describe the Flooding Time Synchronization Protocol (FTSP) that provides clock synchronization service in such(More)