Branislav Kollár

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OBJECTIVES X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy is a genetically determined disorder that causes varying degrees of malfunction of the adrenal cortex and central nervous system. Our aim was to investigate the occurrence of known, or new, mutations in the ABCD1 gene in two unrelated patients with clinical suspicion of the adrenoleukodystrophy. METHODS Two(More)
OBJECTIVES To date, the clinical usefulness of measuring baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) to detect impairment of the autonomic nervous system in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) type I has not been evaluated sufficiently (Mlcáková et al. 2008). The aim of the current study was the determination and statistical comparison of the mean values of BRS in our DM(More)
OBJECTIVES Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Endothelial dysfunction (ED), accelerated atherosclerosis and autonomic dysfunction might be the key players responsible for development of vascular diseases in patients with OSA. In a population with suspected OSA and low burden of(More)
There are limited data regarding glucose metabolism dysregulation in multiple sclerosis (MS). Present study investigates glucose and insulin response during oral glucose tolerance test (oGTT) in MS patients. We examined 19 MS patients and 19 age, sex and body mass index (BMI) matched healthy controls. MS patients were newly diagnosed, untreated and with low(More)
OBJECTIVE Large epidemiological studies suggest higher risk of vascular events in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Chronic inflammatory response and oxidative stress, key-players in a process of atherogenesis, are also suspected to play a role in pathophysiology of MS. Prospective studies elucidating risk of atherosclerosis in MS patients are(More)
OBJECTIVE The relationship between epilepsy and sleep has been known for many years. Yet is still not well understood because of it's reciprocal and intrinsic influences. Epileptic manifestations during sleep may lead to fragmentation of sleep stages. On the other hand insomnia or other sleep disorders may cause sleep deprivation and increase number of(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate neuroendocrine activation during stress in patients with recently diagnosed multiple sclerosis before starting the immunomodulatory therapy (EDSS score≤2.0). We verified the hypothesis that certain cognitive and affective dysfunction is present already at this early stage of the disease. The sample consisted of 38(More)
OBJECTIVES Epilepsy and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) are relatively common disorders. SDB induces repetitive arousals and sleep fragmentation and may cause symptomatic epileptic seizures or hypoxic encephalopathy. Epileptic seizures change sleep architecture with increase of light sleep and reduction of REM sleep, which may lead to central apneas. The(More)
We have focused on determining the range of oxidative stress biomarkers and their dynamic changes in patients at different time points after the acute ischemic stroke (AIS). 82 patients with AIS were involved in our study and were tested: within 24 h from the onset of the attack (group A); at 7-day follow-up (group B); and at 3-month follow-up (group C). 81(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) to excessive cyclic stretch such as in hypertension causes a shift in their phenotype. The focal adhesion protein zyxin can transduce such biomechanical stimuli to the nucleus of both endothelial cells and VSMCs, albeit with different thresholds and kinetics. However, there is no distinct vascular(More)