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BACKGROUND The course of postnatal depression was examined in first-time mothers and fathers with emphasis on the role of personality and parental relationships as risk factors. METHOD 157 couples were assessed at four points: antenatally and at 6, 12 and 52 weeks postnatally. Various measures of mood and personality were administered at each of these(More)
Based on evidence of abnormalities in axon thickness and neuronal disorganization, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is commonly considered to be a condition resulting from neuronal dysfunction. Yet, recent findings suggest that non-neuronal cell types also contribute to ASD pathology. To investigate the role of glial cells in ASD, a combination of protein and(More)
A potential role of dopamine in bipolar disorder has been suggested by several strands of evidence, namely the ability of dopaminergic agonists to induce mania and the effects of lithium, carbamazepine and the antipsychotics on central dopamine receptors and/or turnover. We therefore aimed to determine if bipolar disorder in two large bipolar pedigrees was(More)
The validity of the Children's Depression Scale (CDS), the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) and their respective parent report versions was assessed in a sample of outpatient and normal control prepubertal children. Scores from the child and parent versions of both scales significantly discriminated between children independently diagnosed as depressed(More)
Growing interest in the application of molecular biological techniques to psychiatric disorders has reinvigorated interest in the genetics of the psychoses. It is therefore timely to review the current state of knowledge of the genetics of bipolar disorder. Family, twin and adoption studies are all consistent in confirming the strongly heritable nature of(More)
The recently cloned dopamine D3 receptor (DRD3) gene is of potential relevance to the aetiology of bipolar disorder because of an almost exclusive expression in limbic tissue, the region of the brain putatively responsible for control of emotion. We therefore aimed to determine whether bipolar disorder in nine pedigrees (with 171 members) was linked to this(More)
The relationship between bipolar disorder and chromosome 11 markers remains uncertain. Whilst re-analysis of the Amish pedigree weakened previous evidence for close linkage (but could not exclude the possibility of genetic heterogeneity), a recent French study has found a significant association between this condition and tyrosine hydroxylase polymorphisms.(More)
With the high rate of marriage breakdown, increasing numbers of children are becoming the subjects of custody and access disputes. The Courts are looking to the services of psychiatrists in these matters. They value our expert opinion on the least detrimental available alternative for the child. This paper reviews available research data which are relevant(More)