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BACKGROUND The Stanley Medical Research Institute online genomics database (SMRIDB) is a comprehensive web-based system for understanding the genetic effects of human brain disease (i.e. bipolar, schizophrenia, and depression). This database contains fully annotated clinical metadata and gene expression patterns generated within 12 controlled studies across(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have shown similarities between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in phenotypes and in genotypes, and those studies have contributed to an ongoing re-evaluation of the traditional dichotomy between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder with psychotic features may be closely related to schizophrenia and therefore,(More)
BACKGROUND Disruption in normal development of the human prefrontal cortex (PFC) may lead to cognitive dysfunction that manifests in individuals with schizophrenia. We sought to identify genes associated with age that are implicated in schizophrenia. METHODS We generated genome-wide expression profiles for the PFCs of humans ranging in age from 1 month to(More)
BACKGROUND Psoriasis is an immune-mediated disease characterized by aberrant epidermal differentiation, surface scale formation, and marked cutaneous inflammation. To better understand the pathogenesis of this disease and identify potential mediators, we used whole genome array analysis to profile paired lesional and nonlesional psoriatic skin and skin from(More)
Multiple genome-wide expression studies of bipolar disorder have been published. However, a unified picture of the genomic basis for the disease has not yet emerged. Genes identified in one study often fail to be identified in other studies, prompting the question of whether microarray studies in the brain are inherently unreliable. To answer this question,(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic variation may contribute to differential gene expression in the brain of individuals with psychiatric disorders. To test this hypothesis, we identified genes that were differentially expressed in individuals with bipolar disorder, along with nearby single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that were associated with expression of the same(More)
BACKGROUND Although much progress has been made on antipsychotic drug development, precise mechanisms behind the action of typical and atypical antipsychotics are poorly understood. METHODS We performed genome-wide expression profiling to study effects of typical antipsychotics and atypical antipsychotics in the postmortem liver of schizophrenia patients(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and tolerability of multiple intravenous (IV) doses of sifalimumab in adults with moderate-to-severe systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS In this multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled, sequential dose-escalation study, patients were randomized 3:1 to receive IV sifalimumab (0.3, 1.0, 3.0, or 10.0 mg/kg) or(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15), a poorly understood ubiquitin-like modifier, and its enzymatic pathway in dermatomyositis (DM), an autoimmune disease primarily involving muscle and skin. METHODS We generated microarray data measuring transcript abundance for approximately 18,000 genes in each of 113 human muscle biopsy(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate methods for extraction of meaningful patterns in high dimensional data have become increasingly important with the recent generation of data types containing measurements across thousands of variables. Principal components analysis (PCA) is a linear dimensionality reduction (DR) method that is unsupervised in that it relies only on the(More)