Brandon Smith

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74 insulin-dependent diabetic patients with background retinopathy were randomised to continue with usual diabetic care (group U) or to a more intensive programme (group A) using ultralente insulin as basal cover and soluble insulin at mealtimes. Group A attended the clinic more frequently, received closer dietary supervision, and were taught home blood(More)
22 of 31 residents of a Somerset village where soil levels of cadmium were high had raised blood-cadmium levels, and some had clinical and biochemical findings (including hypertension and biochemical evidence of renal tubular damage) indicating toxic effects which could be attributed to the metal. It is suggested that more detailed studies should be carried(More)
BACKGROUND The combination of cyclosporin, azathioprine, and prednisolone (triple immunosuppression) is the most commonly used immunosuppressive regimen early after renal transplantation, but the risks and benefits of maintaining the steroid component of this regimen in the long term are uncertain. METHODS A randomised controlled trial of steroid(More)
PURPOSE This study explores variation in the axial location of Bruch's membrane opening (BMO) to determine if this reference plane varies with age and race. METHODS There were 168 spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) optic nerve head volumes that were obtained from healthy subjects and manually delineated within 24 axial slices to develop(More)
PURPOSE To determine if laminar depth (LD) and prelaminar tissue volume (PTV) are associated with age and race in healthy human eyes. METHODS Optic nerve head images from enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography of 166 normal eyes from 84 subjects of African descent (AD) and European descent (ED) were manually delineated to(More)
PURPOSE This study examined the association between peripapillary choroidal thickness (PCT) with age and race in a group of African descent (AD) and European descent (ED) subjects with normal eyes. METHODS Optic nerve head images from enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography of 166 normal eyes from 84 subjects of AD and ED were(More)
PURPOSE To assess if the in vivo mechanical displacement of the anterior laminar cribrosa surface (ALCS) as a response of an acute elevation in intraocular pressure (IOP) differs in individuals of European (ED) and African descent (AD). METHODS Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) scans were obtained from 24 eyes of 12 individuals of AD(More)