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OBJECTIVE This study examined the recent changes in the percentage of persons with a driver's license in 15 countries as a function of age. METHOD The countries included were Canada, Finland, Germany, Great Britain, Israel, Japan, Latvia, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. RESULTS The results(More)
This survey examined public opinion regarding self-driving-vehicle technology in three major English-speaking countries—the U.S., the U.K., and Australia. The survey yielded useable responses from 1,533 persons 18 years and older. The main findings (applicable to each of the three countries) were as follows: S The majority of respondents had previously(More)
OBJECTIVE This article presents a time-series analysis of changes in road safety in the United States from a public-health point of view. METHOD A 50-year period was examined, from 1958 to 2008. The emphasis was on the changes by decades in fatalities per population across different age groups. RESULTS First, from 1958 to 2008, the overall fatality rate(More)
Self-driving vehicles are expected to improve road safety, improve the mobility of those who currently cannot use conventional vehicles, and reduce emissions. In this white paper we discuss issues related to road safety with self-driving vehicles. Safety is addressed from the following four perspectives: (1) Can self-driving vehicles compensate for(More)
This study examined the changes from 1983 to 2008 in the percentage of persons with a driver's license as a function of age. The results indicate that, over the past 25 years, there was a substantial decrease in the percentage of young people with a driver's license, and a substantial increase in the percentage of older people with a driver's license.(More)
BACKGROUND From 2005 to 2009, U.S. road fatalities dropped by 22 percent (from 43,510 to 33,963). A reduction of such magnitude over such a short time has not occurred since road safety statistics were first kept (starting in 1913), except for the reductions during World War II. OBJECTIVE The study was performed to contribute to our understanding about(More)
This study examined changes in the United States from 1983 to 2014 in the percentage of persons with a driver's license as a function of age. Also included are the data for 2008 and 2011. The data came from the Federal Highway Administration. The following are the three main findings: H For 16-through 44-year-olds, there was a continuous decrease in the(More)
This study examined the effects of recent changes in the fuel economy of purchased new vehicles and the amount of driving on carbon dioxide emissions in the U.S. The The results indicate that, as a consequence of the improved fuel economy of purchased new vehicles and the decrease in distance driven, the carbon dioxide emissions per driver from purchased(More)