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OBJECTIVE This study examined the recent changes in the percentage of persons with a driver's license in 15 countries as a function of age. METHOD The countries included were Canada, Finland, Germany, Great Britain, Israel, Japan, Latvia, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. RESULTS The results(More)
This survey examined public opinion regarding self-driving-vehicle technology in three major English-speaking countries—the U.S., the U.K., and Australia. The survey yielded useable responses from 1,533 persons 18 years and older. The main findings (applicable to each of the three countries) were as follows: S The majority of respondents had previously(More)
This study compared, for each country of the world, the fatalities per population from road crashes with fatalities per population from three leading causes of death (malignant neoplasm, ischaemic heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease) and from all causes. The data, applicable to 2008, came from the World Health Organization. The main findings are as(More)
This study introduced a new methodology for evaluating the relative contributions of the changes in the frequency of crashes and the severity of the outcome of crashes to the recent large improvement in road safety in the U.S. The approach is based on a parallel examination of changes in variables for all crashes and for fatal crashes only. The change for(More)
OBJECTIVE This article presents a time-series analysis of changes in road safety in the United States from a public-health point of view. METHOD A 50-year period was examined, from 1958 to 2008. The emphasis was on the changes by decades in fatalities per population across different age groups. RESULTS First, from 1958 to 2008, the overall fatality rate(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined the changes in the United States from 1983 to 2008 in the percentage of persons with driver's licenses as a function of age. METHOD The analysis used data from the Federal Highway Administration on driver's licenses by age. RESULTS (1) Over the past 25 years, there was a substantial decrease in the percentage of young(More)
Self-driving vehicles are expected to improve road safety, improve the mobility of those who currently cannot use conventional vehicles, and reduce emissions. In this white paper we discuss issues related to road safety with self-driving vehicles. Safety is addressed from the following four perspectives: (1) Can self-driving vehicles compensate for(More)
BACKGROUND From 2005 to 2009, U.S. road fatalities dropped by 22 percent (from 43,510 to 33,963). A reduction of such magnitude over such a short time has not occurred since road safety statistics were first kept (starting in 1913), except for the reductions during World War II. OBJECTIVE The study was performed to contribute to our understanding about(More)