Brandon S Fowler

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To describe the epidemiology of appendicitis and appendectomy in the United States, the authors analyzed National Hospital Discharge Survey data for the years 1979-1984. Approximately 250,000 cases of appendicitis occurred annually in the United States during this period, accounting for an estimated 1 million hospital days per year. The highest incidence of(More)
Campylobacter jejuni is the most common enteric pathogen isolated from university and college students in the United States. During the fall and winter quarters of the 1983-1984 academic year, the authors conducted a case-control study at the University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, to identify risk factors for C. jejuni enteritis. Students with diarrhea(More)
The tetrameric plus-end-directed motor, kinesin-5, is essential for bipolar spindle assembly. Small-molecule inhibitors of kinesin-5 have been important tools for investigating its function, and some are currently under evaluation as anti-cancer drugs. Most inhibitors reported to date are ;non-competitive' and bind to a specific site on the motor head,(More)
Despite numerous organic semiconducting materials synthesized for organic photovoltaics in the past decade, fullerenes are widely used as electron acceptors in highly efficient bulk-heterojunction solar cells. None of the non-fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells have achieved efficiencies as high as fullerene-based solar cells. Design principles for(More)
Here, we compare analogous cyclic and acyclic π-conjugated molecules as n-type electronic materials and find that the cyclic molecules have numerous benefits in organic photovoltaics. This is the first report of such a direct comparison. We designed two conjugated cycles for this study. Each comprises four subunits: one combines four electron-accepting,(More)
We have examined peptide-based catalysts for the site-selective thiocarbonylation of a protected form of vancomycin. Several catalysts were identified that either enhanced or altered the inherent selectivity profile exhibited by the substrate. Two catalysts, one identified through screening and another through rational design, were demonstrated to be(More)
Organic photodetectors (OPDs) are attractive for their high optical absorption coefficient, broad wavelength tunability, and compatibility with lightweight and flexible devices. Here we describe a new molecular design that enables high performance organic photodetectors. We use a rigid, conjugated macrocycle as the electron acceptor in devices to obtain(More)
We present here a new design motif for strained, conjugated macrocycles that incorporates two different aromatics into the cycle with an -A-B-A-B- pattern. In this study, we demonstrate the concept by alternating electron donors and acceptors in a conjugated cycle. The donor is a bithiophene, and the acceptor is a perylene diimide derivative. The macrocycle(More)
We report a fundamentally unique approach to the catalytic kinetic resolution of amine derivatives based on formamide and thioformamide substrates. Readily accessible histidine-containing peptides mediate the kinetic resolutions with as little as 5 mol % catalyst. Selectivity factors (k(rel)) as high as 43.7 were observed under simple reaction conditions(More)