Brandon Michael Young

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The melanocortin-3 receptor (MC3R) gene is pleiotropic, influencing body composition, natriuresis, immune function, and entrainment of circadian rhythms to nutrient intake. MC3Rs are expressed in hypothalamic and limbic regions of the brain and in peripheral tissues. To investigate the roles of central MC3Rs, we inserted a "lox-stop-lox" (LoxTB) 5' of the(More)
We performed genome-wide chemical mutagenesis of C57BL/6J mice using N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU). Electroretinographic screening of the third generation offspring revealed two G3 individuals from one G1 family with a normal a-wave but lacking the b-wave that we named nob4. The mutation was transmitted with a recessive mode of inheritance and mapped to(More)
To determine whether CYP19A1 polymorphisms are associated with abnormal activity of aromatase and with musculoskeletal and bone side effects of aromatase inhibitors. DNA was isolated from tumor specimens of 4861 postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer enrolled in the BIG 1–98 trial to receive tamoxifen and/or letrozole for 5 years.(More)
Trisomy 21 in humans causes cognitive impairment, craniofacial dysmorphology, and heart defects collectively referred to as Down syndrome. Yet, the pathophysiology of these phenotypes is not well understood. Craniofacial alterations may lead to complications in breathing, eating, and communication. Ts65Dn mice exhibit craniofacial alterations that model(More)
OPRL1 encodes the nociceptin receptor, which has been shown to be involved in alcohol dependence in previous studies. In the present study, we investigated the association between genetic polymorphisms of OPRL1 and alcohol dependence in a Scandinavian population. We genotyped 15 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) spanning the OPRL1 locus and found that(More)
Mutations of genes in tumor cells of Triple Negative subset of Breast Cancer (TNBC) deregulate pathways of signal transduction. The loss of tumor suppressor gene PTEN is the most common first event associated with basal-like subtype (Martins, De, Almendro, Gonen, and Park, 2012). Here we report for the first time that the functional upregulation of(More)
BACKGROUND The role of shunting and patching during carotid endarterectomy remains controversial. METHODS This is a retrospective case series evaluating consecutive patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy with routine shunting and patching. The primary endpoints were perioperative stroke, arterial injury, and lesion recurrence by duplex. RESULTS Of(More)
BACKGROUND Elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) following injection of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (IVTA) is an important clinical problem. The etiology of the steroid response is poorly understood, although a genetic determinant has long been suspected. We performed a pharmacogenomic association study with glucocorticoid receptor polymorphisms.(More)
We report practical methodology for the catalytic, asymmetric synthesis of beta-lactams resulting from the development of a catalyzed reaction of ketenes (or their derived zwitterionic enolates) and imines. The products of these asymmetric reactions can serve as precursors to a number of enzyme inhibitors and drug candidates as well as valuable synthetic(More)
PURPOSE Triple negative (TN) breast cancers which lack expression of the estrogen (ER), progesterone (PR), and human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2) receptors convey a poor prognosis due in part to a lack of targeted therapies. METHODS To identify viable targets for the treatment of TN disease, we have conducted a gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) on(More)