Brandon K Martin

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OBJECTIVE No clear consensus exists regarding the effect of sustained, heavy drinking on hippocampal volume. Our prior work hypothesized significantly lowered total hippocampus volumes in heavy chronically drinking alcohol-dependent (AD) subjects compared with light-drinking nondependent control subjects matched for age and gender. METHOD Using a series(More)
The debilitation of schizophrenia (SCHZ) worsens markedly with comorbid cocaine dependence (CD) and alcohol abuse. To date, no medications have conclusively demonstrated effects against both SCHZ and CD (SCHZ + CD) simultaneously. Because of its dopamine-modulating properties, we hypothesized that aripiprazole would alleviate cocaine craving in patients(More)
OBJECTIVE The effects of hypercortisolism on hippocampal volume have not been studied in heavy drinkers. Prior work suggested increased hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal activity in relation to lowered total hippocampus volume (THV) in heavy-drinking alcohol-dependent (AD) subjects. The present study hypothesized the following: (1) that chronic heavy-drinking(More)
OBJECTIVE Although abstinence slows liver injury in alcoholic Hepatitis C (HCV) infected patients, few clinicians prescribe disulfiram because of concern over its hepatotoxic effect. Finding no controlled studies on this effect, we investigated aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) patterns in seropositive (HCV[+]) and(More)
To address the occurrence of deaths in later postoperative years among alcohol-dependent liver graft recipients, the authors developed the Brief Active Focused Follow-Up protocol as an instrument for monitoring alcohol use following liver transplant. In this preliminary study, patient receptiveness to its use was tested and its ability to identify patient(More)
Psychological treatment studies, uncontrolled for ego defense (adaptive) styles, report conflicting survival results. The authors hypothesized that "immature" adaptive styles and frequent depression symptoms would independently predict lower survival rates. This study followed 86 consecutive, mostly late-stage, cancer outpatients for up to 5 years; their(More)
Previously, we observed that the presence of a court-mandate doubled adherence to supervised disulfiram treatment over voluntary supervised disulfiram treatment during the initial twelve weeks. To assess persistence, we conducted a naturalistic followup study of adherence at 15 months in 19 voluntary and 17 court-ordered patients from the original groups.(More)
OBJECTIVE A large and under-recognized sub-set of patients suffer both traumatic brain injury (TBI) and alcohol dependence (ADep). This group appears to use alcohol to self-treat affective and anxiety lability following TBI, resulting in new ADep or worsened prior ADep. This study hypothesized that treatment of such patients with mood-stabilizing(More)
We hypothesized that court mandate would significantly enhance compliance with supervised disulfiram therapy. We conducted a twelve-week prospective study of outpatient compliance with court-ordered, monitored disulfiram treatment as compared to voluntary, monitored treatment. The court ordered group (n=19) was significantly more compliant than the(More)
California has had one of the highest recidivism rates in the nation for more than a decade. This contributed to overcrowding in the state's expensive prison system and helped to motivate wide-ranging corrections reform legislation in 2011, commonly referred to as public safety realignment. Realignment essentially halted the practice of sending parole(More)