Brandon K Martin

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The debilitation of schizophrenia (SCHZ) worsens markedly with comorbid cocaine dependence (CD) and alcohol abuse. To date, no medications have conclusively demonstrated effects against both SCHZ and CD (SCHZ + CD) simultaneously. Because of its dopamine-modulating properties, we hypothesized that aripiprazole would alleviate cocaine craving in patients(More)
OBJECTIVE No clear consensus exists regarding the effect of sustained, heavy drinking on hippocampal volume. Our prior work hypothesized significantly lowered total hippocampus volumes in heavy chronically drinking alcohol-dependent (AD) subjects compared with light-drinking nondependent control subjects matched for age and gender. METHOD Using a series(More)
Psychological treatment studies, uncontrolled for ego defense (adaptive) styles, report conflicting survival results. The authors hypothesized that "immature" adaptive styles and frequent depression symptoms would independently predict lower survival rates. This study followed 86 consecutive, mostly late-stage, cancer outpatients for up to 5 years; their(More)
OBJECTIVE The effects of hypercortisolism on hippocampal volume have not been studied in heavy drinkers. Prior work suggested increased hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal activity in relation to lowered total hippocampus volume (THV) in heavy-drinking alcohol-dependent (AD) subjects. The present study hypothesized the following: (1) that chronic heavy-drinking(More)
To address the occurrence of deaths in later postoperative years among alcohol-dependent liver graft recipients, the authors developed the Brief Active Focused Follow-Up protocol as an instrument for monitoring alcohol use following liver transplant. In this preliminary study, patient receptiveness to its use was tested and its ability to identify patient(More)
OBJECTIVE Although abstinence slows liver injury in alcoholic Hepatitis C (HCV) infected patients, few clinicians prescribe disulfiram because of concern over its hepatotoxic effect. Finding no controlled studies on this effect, we investigated aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) patterns in seropositive (HCV[+]) and(More)
OBJECTIVE A large and under-recognized sub-set of patients suffer both traumatic brain injury (TBI) and alcohol dependence (ADep). This group appears to use alcohol to self-treat affective and anxiety lability following TBI, resulting in new ADep or worsened prior ADep. This study hypothesized that treatment of such patients with mood-stabilizing(More)
Previously, we observed that the presence of a court-mandate doubled adherence to supervised disulfiram treatment over voluntary supervised disulfiram treatment during the initial twelve weeks. To assess persistence, we conducted a naturalistic followup study of adherence at 15 months in 19 voluntary and 17 court-ordered patients from the original groups.(More)
Having reported high adherence to court-mandated disulfiram treatment, we hypothesized that other Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA) medical centers would report frequent use of this modality. Telephone interviews with DVA substance abuse clinics in 48 of the 50 states matched the national DVA frequencies. Phone survey responders reported disulfiram(More)