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Previous studies from our group have demonstrated that oxidized 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (Ox-PAPC) activates over 1000 genes in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). Prominent among these are genes regulating inflammation, cholesterol homeostasis, antioxidant enzymes, and the unfolded protein response. Previous studies from(More)
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is the leading cause of meningitis in newborn infants. Bacterial cell surface appendages, known as pili, have been recently described in streptococcal pathogens, including GBS. The pilus tip adhesin, PilA, contributes to GBS adherence to blood-brain barrier (BBB) endothelium; however, the host receptor and the contribution of(More)
The serine-rich repeat glycoprotein Srr1 of Streptococcus agalactiae (GBS) is thought to be an important adhesin for the pathogenesis of meningitis. Although expression of Srr1 is associated with increased binding to human brain microvascular endothelial cells (hBMEC), the molecular basis for this interaction is not well defined. We now demonstrate that(More)
Bacterial meningitis is a serious infection of the CNS that results when blood-borne bacteria are able to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is the leading cause of neonatal meningitis; however, the molecular mechanisms that regulate bacterial BBB disruption and penetration are not well understood. Here, we found that infection(More)
Bacterial meningitis is a devastating disease occurring worldwide with up to half of the survivors left with permanent neurological sequelae. Due to intrinsic properties of the meningeal pathogens and the host responses they induce, infection can cause relatively specific lesions and clinical syndromes that result from interference with the function of the(More)
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is currently the leading cause of neonatal meningitis. This is due to its ability to survive and multiply in the bloodstream and interact with specialized human brain microvascular endothelial cells (hBMEC), which constitute the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The exact mechanism(s) of GBS-BBB penetration is still largely unknown. We(More)
Myogenesis is a crucial process governing skeletal muscle development and homeostasis. Differentiation of primitive myoblasts into mature myotubes requires a metabolic switch to support the increased energetic demand of contractile muscle. Skeletal myoblasts specifically shift from a highly glycolytic state to relying predominantly on oxidative(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is classified into two types, the demyelinating (CMT1) and axonal forms (CMT2). CMT2 is further subdivided by linkage analysis into eight subgroups. Recently, mutations in the MFN2 gene, which encodes the mitochondrial GTPase mitofusin 2 (Mfn2) that regulates the mitochondrial network architecture by fusing the(More)
Oxidized-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl-sn-glycerol-3-phosphocholine (Ox-PAPC) has been demonstrated to accumulate in atherosclerotic lesions and regulates expression of more than 1,000 genes in human aortic endothelial cell (HAEC). Among the most highly induced is heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), a cell-protective antioxidant enzyme, which is sensitively induced by(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Endonasal endoscopic surgery continues to gain acceptance as a minimally invasive, effective approach for benign and malignant pathology of the paranasal sinuses and skull base. Postoperative epistaxis could potentially result in rapid and devastating consequences due to hemorrhage. Our objective was to assess the incidence and causes of(More)