Brandon J . Biesiadecki

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Striated muscle contraction is regulated by the binding of Ca(2+) to the N-terminal regulatory lobe of the cardiac troponin C (cTnC) subunit in the troponin complex. In the heart, beta-adrenergic stimulation induces protein kinase A phosphorylation of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) at Ser23/24 to alter the interaction of cTnI with cTnC in the troponin complex(More)
The N-terminal variable region of cardiac troponin T (TnT) is a regulatory structure that can be selectively removed during myocardial ischaemia reperfusion by mu-calpain proteolysis. Here we investigated the pathophysiological significance of this post-translational modification that removes amino acids 1-71 of cardiac TnT. Working heart preparations were(More)
  According to the Frank-Starling relationship, greater end-diastolic volume increases ventricular output. The Frank-Starling relationship is based, in part, on the length-tension relationship in cardiac myocytes. Recently, we identified a dichotomy in the steepness of length-tension relationships in mammalian cardiac myocytes that was dependent upon(More)
AIMS Recent studies suggest that proarrhythmic effects of cardiac glycosides (CGs) on cardiomyocyte Ca(2+) handling involve generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, the specific pathway(s) of ROS production and the subsequent downstream molecular events that mediate CG-dependent arrhythmogenesis remain to be defined. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
After a change in muscle length, there is an immediate intrinsic response in the amount of developed force, followed by a slower response. Although it has been well documented that the slow force response is at least in part generated by modification of calcium handling, it is unclear whether regulation at the myofilament level occurs during the slow force(More)
The precise mechanism of cardiac troponin I (cTnI) proteolysis in myocardial stunning is not fully understood. Accordingly, we determined the effect of cTnI C terminus truncation on chemo-mechanical transduction in isolated skinned rat trabeculae. Recombinant troponin complex (cTn), containing either mouse cTnI-(1-193) or human cTnI-(1-192) was exchanged(More)
Diabetic heart disease is a distinct clinical entity that can progress to heart failure and sudden death. However, the mechanisms responsible for the alterations in excitation-contraction coupling leading to cardiac dysfunction during diabetes are not well known. Hyperglycemia, the landmark of diabetes, leads to the formation of advanced glycation end(More)
Striated muscle contraction is powered by actin-activated myosin ATPase. This process is regulated by Ca(2+) via the troponin complex. Slow- and fast-twitch fibers of vertebrate skeletal muscle express type I and type II myosin, respectively, and these myosin isoenzymes confer different ATPase activities, contractile velocities, and force. Skeletal muscle(More)
Adult cardiac muscle normally expresses a single cardiac troponin T (cTnT). As a potential pathogenic mechanism for turkey dilated cardiomyopathy, the splice-out of a normally constitutive exon generates an additional low molecular weight cTnT with altered conformation and function. We further found that aberrant splicing of cTnT also occurs in several(More)
Tropomyosin (Tm) is a central protein in the Ca(2+) regulation of striated muscle. The αTm isoform undergoes phosphorylation at serine residue 283. While the biochemical and steady-state muscle function of muscle purified Tm phosphorylation have been explored, the effects of Tm phosphorylation on the dynamic properties of muscle contraction and relaxation(More)