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PURPOSE To describe and evaluate a machine learning-based, automated system to detect exudates and cotton-wool spots in digital color fundus photographs and differentiate them from drusen, for early diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy. METHODS Three hundred retinal images from one eye of 300 patients with diabetes were selected from a diabetic retinopathy(More)
A computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system is presented to automatically distinguish normal from abnormal tissue in high-resolution CT chest scans acquired during daily clinical practice. From high-resolution computed tomography scans of 116 patients, 657 regions of interest are extracted that are to be classified as displaying either normal or abnormal lung(More)
Cerebral computed tomography perfusion (CTP) scans are acquired to detect areas of abnormal perfusion in patients with cerebrovascular diseases. These 4D CTP scans consist of multiple sequential 3D CT scans over time. Therefore, to reduce radiation exposure to the patient, the amount of x-ray radiation that can be used per sequential scan is limited, which(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the performance of a system for automated detection of diabetic retinopathy in digital retinal photographs, built from published algorithms, in a large, representative, screening population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We conducted a retrospective analysis of 10,000 consecutive patient visits, specifically exams (four retinal(More)
Animal models of lung disease are gaining importance in understanding the underlying mechanisms of diseases such as emphysema and lung cancer. Micro-CT allows in vivo imaging of these models, thus permitting the study of the progression of the disease or the effect of therapeutic drugs in longitudinal studies. Automated analysis of micro-CT images can be(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the factors associated with CT-quantified emphysema progression in heavy smokers. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of length of smoking cessation and clinical / demographical factors on the rate of emphysema progression and FEV1-decline in male heavy smokers. METHODS 3,670 male smokers with mean(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease that is characterized by chronic airflow limitation. Unraveling of this heterogeneity is challenging but important, because it might enable more accurate diagnosis and treatment. Because spirometry cannot distinguish between the different contributing pathways of airflow limitation, and(More)
The detection of the position of the normal anatomy in color fundus photographs is an important step in the automated analysis of retinal images. An automatic system for the detection of the position of the optic disc and the fovea is presented. The method integrates the use of local vessel geometry and image intensity features to find the correct positions(More)
BACKGROUND Emphysema and small airway disease both contribute to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a disease characterised by accelerated decline in lung function. The association between the extent of emphysema in male current and former smokers and lung function decline was investigated. METHODS Current and former heavy smokers participating(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the performance of a comprehensive computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system for diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening, using a publicly available database of retinal images, and to compare its performance with that of human experts. METHODS A previously developed, comprehensive DR CAD system was applied to 1200 digital color fundus(More)