Bram van Cranenbroek

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The effects of hormone stimulation for IVF treatment on endometrial receptivity remain controversial. Since CD56(bright) natural killer (NK) cells in the endometrium positively contribute to implantation and decidualization whereas CD56(dim) NK cells are negatively associated with reproduction, shifts in the balance between those cells will affect(More)
Soluble forms of HLA-G (sHLA-G) have been implicated in immune regulation. Fetal trophoblast cells are a prime source of HLA-G. Hence, an interaction between sHLA-G and uterine lymphocytes in the decidual tissues can easily be envisaged. These lymphocytes, when properly activated, are implicated in successful trophoblast invasion, placental maturation and(More)
Cyclosporin A (CsA), rapamycin (Rapa) and mycophenolic acid (MPA) are frequently used for GVHD prophylaxis and treatment after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). As NK cells have received great interest for immunotherapeutic applications in SCT, we analyzed the effects of these drugs on human cytokine-stimulated NK cells in vitro. Growth-kinetics(More)
BACKGROUND Previous reports revealed the potential value of the soluble CD30 level (sCD30) as biomarker for the risk of acute rejection and graft failure after renal transplantation, here we examined its use for the prediction of safe tapering of calcineurin inhibitors as well as late acute rejection. METHODS In a cohort of renal transplant patients(More)
BACKGROUND Transplant patients would benefit from reduction of immunosuppression providing that graft rejection is prevented. We have evaluated a number of immunological markers in blood of patients in whom tacrolimus was withdrawn after renal transplantation. The alloreactive precursor frequency of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, the frequency of T cell subsets and(More)
A better understanding of human NK cell development in vivo is crucial to exploit NK cells for immunotherapy. Here, we identified seven distinctive NK cell developmental stages in bone marrow of single donors using 10-color flow cytometry and found that NK cell development is accompanied by early expression of stimulatory co-receptor CD244 in vivo. Further(More)
Graft rejection and graft-versus-host disease are leading causes of transplant related mortality despite advancements in immunosuppressive therapy. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) offer a promising addition to immunosuppressive drugs (ISD), while NK-cells are increasingly used as effector cells in graft-versus-leukemia. Combined therapy of ISD, NK-cells(More)
Clinical trials successfully using antibodies targeting IL-17 in psoriasis support the importance of IL-17 in the pathophysiology of this disease. However, there is a debate concerning the source and dynamics of IL-17 production in inflamed skin. Here we characterized IL-17-producing immune cells over time, using two established in vivo models of human skin(More)
BACKGROUND HLA-G is a nonclassical MHC class I molecule and its physiological expression restricted to placental extravillous trophoblasts contributes to maternal tolerance to the semiallogeneic fetus. Aberrant expression of HLA-G in human organ grafts has been proposed to contribute to graft acceptance. METHODS We studied HLA-G expression in liver tissue(More)
Sequencing of two cDNAs from the anaerobic fungi Piromyces equi and Piromyces sp. strain E2 revealed that they both encode a glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 48 cellulase, containing two C-terminal fungal dockerin domains. N-terminal sequencing of the major component of the Piromyces multi-enzyme cellulase/hemicellulase complex, termed the cellulosome,(More)